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Intelligence Testing Article Analysis

1097 words - 4 pages

Intelligence Testing Article AnalysisPSY450/Diversity and Cultural Factors in PsychologyIntelligence Testing Article AnalysisIntelligence tests are believed to measure intelligence, IQ, and converted into a numeric score. IQ is the cognitive processes, knowledge to solve problems, and reach goals (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Intelligence varies with each culture as well. The bell curve theory explains that a normal supply of IQ scores is generally divided into three substantial categories, which are people with low, average, and high IQ scores (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Intelligence scores generated by the bell curve can show that people with high IQs are usually lawyers, doctors, scientists, and so forth (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). The bells curve also explains that people who have low IQs are more likely to be convicts criminals single mothers, drug addicts, and high-school failures, and so on (Shiraev & Levy, 2010).The score is measured by using the answers from a series of tasks/questions (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Every test has several subtests that measure numerous cognitive skills (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Most intelligent tests are made-up of verbal and nonverbal problems, perceptual judgments, puzzles, word associations, describing pictures, memorization, and the like (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). This type of test may be used by employers as a part of the interview process. These scores may also indicate that people will find partners and friends who have the same cognitive level as themselves (Shiraev & Levy, 2010).Cultural Differences in IntelligenceA person must try to understand cultural differences when assessing the scores of an intelligence test (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). To understand cultural differences in the intelligence scores the test giver must know the difference between cognitive potential, know what cognitive skills were established through the test taker's cultural environment, and know the possible scores on the specific test given (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Different factors appear to add to performance on tests, such factors include language, test content, and motivation (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Some aspects of intelligence are not yet measurable, such as wisdom and creativity (Shiraev & Levy, 2010).First Article AnalysisThe title of the first article analyzed is Testing versus Understanding Human Intelligence. The authors believe that intelligence tests have a superior legitimacy that predicts intelligence (Machek, 2003). They believe these tests are respected tools in fields of psychology, especially in the educational and occupational fields of psychology. Intelligence is measured in two separate ways, which are the psychometric or biological approach. As per biological theories, distinctive parts of the brain control different cognitive functioning and the behaviors linked with...

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