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Intelligency Analysis

1079 words - 4 pages

In an educational setting, intelligence and achievement tests are administered routinely to assess individual accomplishment. They are used to improve instruction and curriculum planning. High schools use these test to assist in the students future educational planning. Elementary schools utilize screening and testing procedures to help determine readiness for reading and writing placement.A standardized test used to establish an intelligence level rating by measuring a subject's ability to form concepts, solve problems, acquire information, reason, and perform other intellectual operations (Trosky, 1989).A psychometric test of intelligence; is what an intelligence test tests (Trosky, 1989). In defining intelligence, there has always been the question of whether intelligence is measured as one phenomenon or if it has many variables that are combined (Trosky, 1989). For example, is it how smart a person is or is it a mixture of survival, mathematical, social and other capabilities? There are many debates regarding weather measuring intelligence is determined from test scores and results or if it is measured by the person ability to process and problem solve.Intelligence MeasurementIntelligence can be measured, though imperfectly, by intelligence tests, among them the Standford-Binat Intelligence and the Wechsler Scales (Trosky, 1989). These tests are intended to determine an individual's intelligence quotient IQ. Intelligence tests usually provide an estimate of global cognitive functioning as well as information about functioning within more specific domains (Trosky,1989).Despite their relative stability, intelligence test scores may change as a function of important environmental factors. Therefore, intelligence test scores are descriptive of a child's functioning at that point in time. This could change with alterations in the child's psychiatric status, environmental conditions, or educational program. Components of a good intelligence test are validity; does the test really measure intelligence and not something else. Reliability; does the test produce consistent measurements. Norms; are the participants being fairly compared (Trosky, 1989).Components that make an intelligence test flawed are poor validity; manyintelligence tests are sensitive to social factors in addition to intelligence (Tosky, 1989). Poor norms; being compared to people who are different. Inappropriate application; test measures something that has nothing to do with the participants school or job.Theories of Process Psychometric ModelPsychometric approach is defined as psychology that deals with the design, administration, and interpretation of quantitative tests for the measurement of psychological variables such as intelligence, aptitude, and personality traits (Plucker, 1998). The psychometric model is a theoretical perspective that quantifies individual differences in test scores to establish a rank order of abilities (Plucker, 1998). There are various psychometric...

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