Interaction Ritual By Erving Goffman Essay

1720 words - 7 pages

Introduction

Erving Goffman (1922-1982) held the position of Benjamin Franklin Professor of Anthropology and Sociology at the University of Pennsylvania. He served as President of the American Sociological Association in the year leading up to his death in 1982. Goffman is considered as the pioneer of the study of face-to-face interaction and has made a substantial contribution to micro-sociology. He is recognised as a major figure in the symbolic interaction perspective. In 2007 he was listed as the sixth most cited author in the humanities and social sciences (The Times Higher Education Guide, 2007).

‘On face-work’ is Goffman’s first essay from his book entitled ‘Interaction Ritual: Essays on Face-to-face Behavior’ which was originally written in 1955. It considers the approaches to human interaction alongside five more essays featured in this book and focuses on the concept of the face. His essay on face-work offers an analytic study which explores interaction as a ritual process. It is instrumental in providing a sound understanding of the definition of face and is a comprehensive insight into basic kinds of face-work.

Some of Goffman’s other works include ‘The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life’, ‘Asylums’, and ‘Stigma’ which are a series of books about social behaviour. They are often referred to as modern classics. The essay on face-work can be considered as an expansion of Goffman’s previous works on interaction and included in this series.

Summary

Goffman refers to his essay on face-work as ‘An Analysis of Ritual Elements in Social Interaction’ (Goffman, p.5). He essentially sets out to prove to the reader that social interaction is a ritual game that we act out and play by the rules. The author provides us with some new vocabulary including terms and phrases which identify forms of social interaction. Goffman defines terms such as ‘line’ and discusses some of the impressions that we as individuals are expected to live up to.

One of the main themes this work addresses is interaction order, which was Goffman’s starting point for his analysis. Goffman examines the procedures which are associated with the order of interaction and the ways in which we interact to maintain face. He also dissects face-to-face encounters. His analysis is carried out from a dramaturgical perspective.

The text uses language that is comprehensible and it is organised in a logical manner making it easy to follow. The work is separated into sections using sub-headings which clearly identify the themes being discussed. Footnotes appear frequently giving further explanations of points being made and also direct us to sources with added information. This work provides us with an excellent understanding of how we as individuals present ourselves to others when interacting in our daily lives.

Analysis

Social interaction is a central theme in sociology and society results from these interactions. Goffman’s essay on...

Find Another Essay On Interaction Ritual by Erving Goffman

Michel Foucault: Power and Identity Essay

2453 words - 10 pages Foucault’s work in The Body and Sexuality, Madness and Civilisation and Discipline and Punish which displays how he conceptualised Power and identity on a Marxist and macro basis of study. The Essay will also address the Ideas of Erving Goffman who was A Canadian Born Sociologist who’s key study was what he termed as interactional order, that is how the functions of ritual and order of every individual member of society, in everyday life, interact to

Social Order (Foucault and Goffman) Essay

1651 words - 7 pages Foucault, individuals are a result of patterns emerging from history. Erving Goffman is interested in human relations on a micro-social level. In his investigations, he draws on observations of people in a context of their surroundings and mutual encounters. According to him, social order develops through people themselves. Silva argues that his approach views society as 'nothing other than people living their lives', and as 'a construction produced by

Dramaturgical Analysis

1548 words - 6 pages the social situation they are in. We may have an idea of how we want to be perceived, and may have the foundation to make that happen. But we cannot be sure of every interaction we will have throughout the day, having to ebb and flow with the conversations and situations as they happen. Adopted into sociology by Erving Goffman, he developed most terms and the idea behind dramaturgical analysis in his 1959 book The Presentation of Self in

Exploring the Affect Society has on the Shaping of Human Behavior

625 words - 3 pages There are numerous aspects of social interaction used in the shaping of social relationships. For the purpose of this paper, I thoroughly examined the theories of “Self-perception” and “Social perception “I decided to focus on the views given by Sociologist’s Erving Goffman and Charles Darwin throughout chapter four. According to sociologist Erving Goffman, social interaction should be compared to a theatrical performance, with the members of

mead and symbolic interactionism

2569 words - 10 pages and is used in sociological analysis of everyday life. Developed by American sociologist Erving Goffman in his seminal 1959 text The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, dramaturgy uses the metaphor of theater to explain human behavior. According to this perspective, individuals perform actions in everyday life as if they were performers on a stage. Identity is performed through roles. Here, the term "role" works in two ways, referencing both

Front Stage, Back Stage, and Off Stage: Presentation of Self in Social Media

1233 words - 5 pages First written in 1956 by former Sociologist and President of the American Sociological Association, Erving Goffman’s The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life takes a micro-level approach in explaining changes in individual behavior as they relate to various situational contexts within social interaction. Goffman establishes and analyzes the processes by which we change our behavior in order to alter or manage the impressions we give off. In

Goffman

1980 words - 8 pages Goffman “All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players: They have their exits and their entrances; and one man in his time plays many parts…”Student of sociology, believe Erving Goffman could easily claimed to have made that statement just as Shakespeare is given due. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life details dramaturgy or as Goffman himself relates, “The Perspective employed in this report is that of the theatrical

Stigma Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity

2115 words - 8 pages The book I chose to do my paper on is “Stigma Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity” by Erving Goffman. Goffman was stood out from other sociologists because he did not follow the normal rules that the others lived by. This rebellion often was thought to be caused by his lack of professional manners, and made it difficult for some to be in his company. However, Goffman was not like other sociologists due to his love was data not simply

Compare and contrast two social science views about the ordering of social life

2015 words - 9 pages interaction according to Goffman. The social self, in Goffman’s framework has no substance beyond expected behaviours, on different occasions and in different contexts. . Goffman sees social institutions as non-existent, as structures themselves. Instead, he views them as products of people’s interactions and social situations they reproduce each day. However, by concentrating on micro levels of social interaction Goffman shows little regard for the

Erving Goffman: A Biography

802 words - 3 pages June 11, 1922 was a day that would change the world of sociology forever. This was the day that Erving Manual Goffman, czar of human interaction, was born. Goffman grew up in Dauphin, Alberta, Canada near Winnipeg (Manning 1998). He was the child of Max Goffman, a shopkeeper, and his wife Anna, a homemaker. His parents were two of some 200,000 Ukrainians who immigrated to Canada sometime between 1897 and 1914 (Manning 1998). Goffman attended the

Sociologist- Ervin Goffman

1898 words - 8 pages clothing; I want to observe how children gain independence based on clothes that they pick out. The third reading that I will be briefly touching is the is “Social interaction and Everyday Life by Anthony Gidden. This reading show goes in depth about Erving Goffman ideologies, it contributes to how social order because it explains how humans interact on a daily basis. The concepts that I will be drawing from in this case study are civil inattention

Similar Essays

Asylums By Erving Goffman Essay

2284 words - 9 pages Alteration of Inner Self- based on Asylums by Erving Goffman. The essay contains the author's research, my opinion and Thomas Scheff's writings related to this theme.The nature of the humankind is extremely vulnerable to external factors and it develops different ways to protect its integrity. The image of 'self' is considered to be, to a certain extent, a result of the interactions with other people. Having its roots in the kind of behavior

Asylums By Erving Goffman Essay

2279 words - 9 pages Obiectivul principal al analizei lui Goffman asupra institutiilor 'totale' este de a prezenta detaliat situatia sociala a persoanei institutionalizate, tratata din perspectiva referitoare la implicatiile si consecintele asupra structurii eului sau.Intr-o institutie 'totala' sunt incadrati indivizi cu statut social similar care isi desfasoara activitatea si viata separati de societate, fiind nevoiti sa tina cont de regulile stricte care le sunt

Erving Goffman's Insight On Face Work In His Essays On Face To Face Behavior

755 words - 4 pages this. In his earlier works Goffman Goffmans theory of face has influenced Brown and Levison’s in their development of the theory of politeness. Goffman also iilustrates in his essay how face-to-face interaction generates emotions that form the foundations of social life. The next section of his essay Goffman devotes to explaining the ‘basic kinds of face-work’ Works Cited Interaction Ritual: Essays on Face-to-face Behavior By Erving Goffman

Erving Goffman Essay

1740 words - 7 pages Canada. I am a very proud Canadian and I am glad that such an influential social theorist whose work is still being put to use today came from the country that I am from. This paper will outline most, if not all, of Goffman’ss most important aspects to social life by providing you with his biography, his ideas, and how his ideas relate to the now, the twenty-first century. → ADD Biography Erving Manual Goffman was born in Mannville, Alberta