Interactional View Theory By Paul Waltzawick

1383 words - 6 pages

The Interactional view is based on systems theory and was developed by Paul Waltzawick. Waltzawick was a part of the Palo Alto group because he was one of twenty scholars and therapists who was inspired by, and worked with anthropologist Gregory Bateson. The Palo Alto group does not focus on why a person acts a certain way, instead the focus is on how that behavior affects everyone in the group (Griffin, 2012, p.182). “Family system is an autonomous, mutually dependent network of feedback loops guided by members’ rules; the behavior of each person affects and is affected by the behavior of another” (Griffin, 2012, p.182). The Interactional view theory postulates that relationships within a family system are interrelated. The theory infers that relationships do not come together or fall apart because of one individual. A popular song, “Stick to the Status Quo”, reflects the theme of the theory. In essence, everyone needs to continue playing the role they are use to; if they do, then things will not change and everything will continue as is. Sticking to the status quo can also be referred to as homeostasis. A keen analysis of the Interactional Theory places my mother and I at the heart of the theory.
As I examine this theory I realized that my mother and I have established a “status quo” for as long as I can remember. She was the strict parent, very dictatorial in a number of ways, and as long as I did as I was told, all was well. As the years progressed I realized that miscommunication is bound to take place. “Miscommunication occurs because people are not "speaking the same language” (Communication Pragmatics). This often becomes evident in my family when my mother tells me to clean my room. In my mind, she means that I should clean my room before the end of the week. In her mind, she expects it to be done immediately.
According to this theory there are four axioms of interpersonal communication. “Axioms only offer a framework to explain how communication takes place, they are only a framework”(Communication Pragmatics). The first is “one cannot not communicate.” Even if there is no verbal communication, communication can still exist. It is stated 63-95% of communication is nonverbal communication. So no matter what people are always communicating with each other, whether it is the tone of voice they use or just sighing loudly. When I am silent, and rolling my eyes after my mother reprimands me, or the look she gives me when she opens my door and realize that my room is messy, communication is still present.
The second axiom is that content plus relationship equals communication. Content is considered "the report part of a message; what is said verbally. While relationship is the command part of the message; how it's said nonverbally"(Griffin, 2012, p.184). It is important to understand content and relationship, as it is the foundation to understanding what is being communicated. Waltzawick refers to this as metacommunication,...

Find Another Essay On Interactional View Theory by Paul Waltzawick

Social Bonds and Deviance Goes Against the Norm

2209 words - 9 pages , “social controls were necessary if individuals were to understand the boundaries between acceptable and unacceptable behavior” (Cartwright, 2011, p. 207). In his view, crime serves the function of identifying boundaries for behavior, which are recognized collectively in communities and reinforced by negative societal reaction. As a result, social order is maintained to avoid disapproved association with deviant acts. Eventually, Durkheim’s theory

Limitations of theories of sociology of deviance

2514 words - 10 pages principle of secondary deviance in particular, highlights the essentially deterministic view that the interactionist theory proposes. It suggests humans are conceived into this world like a lump of clay to be solely to be shaped by external forces which raises the question, why are we not all victims to some oppressive social condition? Interactionist theory again limits itself becoming a theory of universal application and significance as it

Understanding Personality

1837 words - 7 pages . This behaviour is promoted by his coach and that in turn is seen reinforcement. The interactional approach is based on the theory that behaviour is as a result of endless personality traits combined with environmental influences. This theory uses both intrapersonal traits and interpersonal reactions to environmental influences. (M.Silva & Weinberg, 1984) As well as the 3 sections of personality, there are 5 different theoretical approaches to

Research Paper Review

1003 words - 5 pages , hence, the non-linear approach taken would, without a doubt, help construct a scaffold that depicts a clearer picture of the interactional forces impacting resistance. 2.2 Clarity of Research Question The research question involves identifying differentials impacting work-group identities and determining the impact it has on employee resistance. It also includes the study of how resistance is managed by change agents. The reviewer suggests that the

Gender Structure Theory

1060 words - 4 pages not to adjust the binary system itself, but for the IOC to engage in gender examinations of athletes to fit them into either the male or female categories. In order to understand the implications of the IOC's recommendations as well as why such views are ingrained in society as a whole, it is necessary to make an analysis using gender structure theory via its three levels: individual, interactional, and institutional. Gender structure theory can

Approaches to Personality

1537 words - 6 pages the person thinks they should do and the superego making the final decision. This approach sees personality as something that is always changing. The phenomenological approach is actually the most used today, and argues that behaviour is determined by both personality and situation, but the person’s personal view on the situation is taken into account. (Weinberg and Gould, 2007) Of the three discussed in this essay, however, the interactional

Analysis of Paul’s Case by Willa Cather

2649 words - 11 pages his pain. Also another example is “several of Paul’s teachers had a theory that his imagination had been perverted by garnish fiction but the truth was he scarcely ever read at all” (Cather 5). This showed Paul’s love to daydream. Also another example of third person point of view comes from the anger that Paul has for his father “you are not to return to the Carneige Hall” (Cather 8). This shows Paul’s father taking away the one thing that Paul

Organisational Justice

1454 words - 6 pages ) detail that truthfulness, respect, propriety and sound justification are the primary elements of interactional justice and by eliminating any one of these from employee-employer communication will result in both a communication breakdown and a breach of organisational justice. An employee’s perception of positive organisational justice is generally based on whether the procedural selection process to reach that decision was fair and unbiased. The

Labeling Youths...and The Consequences Thereof

1452 words - 6 pages popular perspective during the 1960s and 1970s but it has proven to be influential in current times as well. This theory was developed over the course of years by three prominent theorists: Frank Tannenbaum, Edwin M. Lemert and Howard Becker. It is also known as Interactional Theory of Deviance and Social Reaction Perspective. Frank Tannenbaum is noted with the first use of labeling theory within his book Crime and Community in 1938. “The process

Effective Leadership

1114 words - 4 pages sixty-one billion dollars and Jeff Bezos net worth is twenty-seven billion dollars. Steve Paul Jobs – was an American Entrepreneur and Co-Founder and former CEO – APPLE Incorporated. Steve Paul Jobs was born on February 24th 1955-(October 5, 2011) and adopted by Paul and Clara Jobs. Jobs family moved to “Silicon Valley in 1961 the center for electronics manufacturing. Jobs showed an early interest in Electronics and gadgetry. During high

Theories of Crime

960 words - 4 pages collaboration of three factors, namely; cognitive, behavioral, and lastly environmental. This has in some quarters been referred to as observational learning. This so called social learning theory as was discussed by Wiesner, Capaldi, Patterson (2003, p. 318) was focused on behavior modeling, to which end it proposed that a child first observes and later imitates the observed behavior of the adults or of the other children that are around him or her. To

Similar Essays

International Relations Theory Book Review On The Bottom Billion By Paul Collier And The United States Of Europe By T.R. Reid

1292 words - 5 pages We have been considering the challenging offer of Paul Collier in his book The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest state Are Failing as well as What Can Be Done regarding It. Collier is lecturer of finances at Oxford and past research director of the World Bank, and above the years he has been compulsory by arithmetical proof to conclude that mainly of our thinking regarding world poverty is deceased wrong--and lethal wrong for the "bottom billion

Organizational Leadership Essay

1039 words - 4 pages also ensures the availability of services for patients. Psychology Interactional nursing – a practice-theory in the dynamic field between the natural, human and social sciences Scheel & Pedersen (2010) studied interactional nursing, in relation to natural, human, and social sciences. These three sciences are necessary to a valid nursing practice and are equally dependent to maintain a holistic view of man and society within interactional

Compare And Contrast Two Social Science Views About The Ordering Of Social Life Open University Introducing The Social Sciences Essay

2057 words - 9 pages remade, draw upon different ways of gathering evidence and even though they are somewhat different, they both explain the connections between society and how individuals make and remake social order. Comment by Paul: always reference quotations Comment by Paul: and perpetuated and enforced Comment by Paul: good Erving Goffman’s work on interactional order argued that individuals are performers, who act, adopt a mask or follow the norm in their

Symbolic Interactionalist Perspective Essay

723 words - 3 pages interactionist theory the main area of interest is deviance. Medical professionals and society as a whole tend to think of people with a mental illness as deviant. Many people view disabilities as deviant because the person with the disability either cannot conform to societal norms or it would be massively inconvenient for them to do so.         People with mental illness often have their other labels and attributes overlooked and people focus on