In the United States there are interest groups that form at a national and local level. These interest groups act as the voice of the American public in regards to public policy. There are three types of interest groups: public, economic, and environmental interest. These interest groups have goals to seek policy information on beliefs, commerce and ideals. Goals will vary from one group to another group. All groups use direct and indirect strategies to influence legislators. The American Culinary Federation represents a large number of culinary professionals of an interest group which represents it members in a local and national level.
Interest group is “a group of individuals organized to seek public policy influence, usually though not exclusively by attempting to influence government actors – masks an enormous amount of diversity among interest and interest groups” (Texas, 2011) Interest groups vary in size, age, resources, tactics, policy focus, ideological orientation, geographic focus, and tactics. The groups may have a public policy or a single issue. Some interest groups focus on government and getting public non-governmental organizations to support the interest groups objective. On a national level, interest groups represent units of the local and state government lobbying for their interest. These groups have an official role in the U.S. federal system that divides authority among local, state and national governments. “They present the views of their members to Congress and the administration and make the case for their positions in the media, while the National Governors Association and the National Conference of State Legislatures represent state officials” (Hays, n.d.).
There are three types of interest groups: economic, environmental, and public interest. Economic interest groups focus on the American economy to include labor unions, professionals, business, and agriculture and government workers. The goals of these various sectors is to represent and look out for the best interest and goals for each specific group while making sure it fits within the economy. Labor interest groups are a great example. “Interest groups representing the labor movement date back to at least 1886, when the American Federation of Labor was formed” (Schmidt, Shelley II, & Bardes, 2011). The service sector represents the smaller blue-collar workers in the population and has a strong influence for labor prices and duties. Congress is pushed by members to pass legislation making it easier for workers to join unions. By boosting memberships in the union would impact the economy.
By sustaining a healthy environment through the influence of policies environmental groups focus on ecological concerns. In 1972 an organized interest group started Earth Day to protect the environment. Specific groups within the environmental groups focus on ecological issues from wildlife to environmental defense funds. “Other...