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Internal And External Conflicts Experienced By Characters In Araby & Metamorphosis By Joyce And Kafka

1482 words - 6 pages

Araby & Metamorphosis
In today's time rather than knowing if an action is right, individuals act upon circumstances that they think is right. In short stories, James Joyce writes about a young boy in "Araby" and Franz Kafka writes about Gregor Samsa in "Metamorphosis". Both characters face internal and external problems throughout these stories, also sharing similarities and differences throughout. The young boy falls for his friends sister Mangan, who makes his life an illusion by her being the person he is caught up with. Gregor Samsa transforms into an enormous insect, which makes it difficult for him to cope with his normal family. Unfortunately things these characters consider that will take place next, took the opposite direction. This results to their downfall, by both characters failing by suffering isolation and alienation. The young boy is isolated with reality and is alienated with his home town. Gregor Samsa is isolated from himself by not knowing what to do as he is an insect, and creates him to be alienated from his family. The young boy and Gregor Samsa are both trying to find there way out of the isolation and alienation they face, by trying to find who they really are before all of these changes took place to them.
“Araby" by James Joyce, doesn’t identify the protagonist with a name. This shows that the young boy has no sense of who he is and causes him isolation to find out who he is. This story beings with a description of the setting with a mood of loneliness and darkness. “An uninhabited house of two storeys stood at the blind end…the other houses of the street, conscious of decent lives within them, gazed at one another with brown imperturbable faces” (107). This shows that the young boy lives on a dead end and is trapped there with a feeling of dullness. It is then where the young boy introduces his friend Mangan, his sister, is the girl who puts a smile on his face. “Her dress swung as she moved her body and the soft rope of her hair tossed from side to side” (108). She is someone who captures his attention and what makes him happy.
The young boy uses "light" to describe this girl who shows that only when he talks about her it brings liveliness rather than the darkness from his home town. The young boy feelings towards her was a feeling of shyness "I had never spoken to her, except for a few casual words, and yet her name was like a summons to all my foolish blood“ (Joyce 108). The young boy being shy shows how he is isolated by being kept to himself and not with others. It is later in the story where they finally begin to talk. They talk about going to the Araby, and how it would be a splendid bazaar. Mangan’s sister couldn't go but of course the young boy said he will go and bring her back something. This is the point in the story where the young boy has hopes with this girl. After, he spoke to Mangan’s sister he becomes distracted in his work, only thinking of her. This young boy is looking forward in going...

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