International adoption was once considered a solution for children of all ages who were abandoned, mistreated, or simply needed a safe home. In recent years, international adoption made the transition from a worthy solution to a last possible option. Arguers against international adoption claim that there is a better solution; which consists of withholding the within the orphanages and institutions until there is a home available in the country of origin. They believe that placing a child in a permanent home in a shorter amount of time isn’t worth depriving them from experiencing their native country and heritage. Not only has this argument become more evident throughout the media, but also through statistics. For instance, in 2004, there were 22,991 adoptions by US families; in 2012 there were only 8,668 (US Department of State; Luscombe, International Adoptions pg.3). As the international adoption rates decrease, so does the number of children without a permanent home; this can result in potentially traumatic effects on the child.
While international adoption may seem like a dream, easy to accomplish for some, it is a dream that has extensive obstacles for others. It regularly involves requirements that need to be met, fees that have to be paid, and tedious processes that often end in an unsuccessful adoption. Often times, these aspects of international adoption are too much and discourage willing adoptive parents. This results in a decrease in international adoption rates, increasing the number of children who are living in orphanages and government institutions. If the process, fees, and requirements were made more streamlined, more people would be willing to adopt internationally. This would provide more children with a permanent home at a faster rate, benefitting both the adoptive families and children.
The process of adoption consists of several steps. To start the process, the adoptive parent/s must choose a service that will aid them throughout the procedure. Adults will then apply for adoption, where they will be evaluated to see that the requirements are met, making them eligible to complete the remaining process. The adoptive parents will then be matched with a child who is currently available for adoption in the preferred country. In some cases, adopting parents will have to acquire an immigrant visa for both themselves and the child in order to travel and bring them home. In other cases, the child may be escorted to their new destination by a chaperone hired by the adoption agency. When these steps are combined, the process can take anywhere from one to four years to complete, depending on the country, making international adoption a stressful and tedious process.
Various countries have exceedingly specific requirements of the adoptive parents, some of which include restrictions on age, income, health, marriage, and family. The austerity of the restrictions is dependant on the countries laws and legal policies....