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International Adoption And Human Rights Violations

1157 words - 5 pages

January 12th, 2010 is a day in Haiti history that no one will forget; a 7.3 magnitude earthquake left a huge impact on Haiti. In the wake of this devastating earthquake hundreds of children were left without homes and families were destroyed. “International adoption agencies, adoption advocacy groups, and government Web sites were over whelmed by calls and e-mails” (Seabrook). Within days of the earthquake, many American families began enquiring about adopting a child from Haiti. A selfless act like adoption turned into a controversy over human rights and caused many to voice concerns about adopting internationally.
A child’s most basic human right is to grow up in a safe nurturing family, and laws had to be put in place to protect these rights. America’s laws vary by state. The laws that govern adoption in general protect all the parties involved focusing on what is the best interest of the child or children. First, the decision must be made as to what type of adoption is being sought, there is private adoption, open adoption and international adoption. Private adoption is an arrangement between the adoptive parents and the birth parents without the use of outside sources. Open adoption is when both the adoptive and birth parents have access to certain information about each other depending on what is agreed upon. Another option is international adoption, this is when adoptive parents go outside of the United States to adopt a child or children. Despite the choice there is always a process that must be strictly followed. Structured laws are in place to protect the children involved in the adoption. After qualifying for adoption a couple, or in some situations an individual, looking to adopt must then have a series of “Home Studies” done. The home study requires an agent to go into the home where the child will be living and make sure standards are met. After home study forms must be filed with the assistance of an Attorney the adoption is close to finalization. All this depends on the type of adoption, international adoptions however, are little more complicated depending on the country.
Internationally, it is extremely difficult to make laws and require the other country to abide by them, this is when human rights are violated. Some people voice concern that international adoption in some cases “rips” the children out of the hands of their parents, leaves American children without families, violates one of the most basic rights of all humans, and is in some case similar to human trafficking. Adoption alone is a wonderful opportunity to provide a home and family for a child that would otherwise go without, and international adoption is no less of an amazing gift, however, the children and the biological parents from the other country should have the same rights as if they were from the America. “Some African countries, which had long lacked the legal infrastructure to engage in international adoption, began to do so; Ethiopia, in...

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