International Adoption Must Be Improved Essay

3759 words - 15 pages

America is known by many names – land of the free, home of the brave, the U.S.A. – but one name, especially fit to describe America, is “the giant melting pot”. International adoption has helped continue America as a free country where any child, from anywhere, can grow and can live in freedom. During the Cold War, international adoption was birthed by a man named Harry Holt, who traveled to Korea and adopted eight Korean mixed-race children. Inspiration arose from Holt’s compassionate act as many people, including celebrities, began to adopt children as well. Despite the implementation of the Hague Convention, which is the current international adoption legislation, the international adoption regulation systems of today have become inefficient in relation to the magnitude of international adoptions. According to Debbie Spivack, director of Reaching Out thru International Adoption agency, “International adoption is a life-saving form of care for children who do not otherwise have families” (Spivack1). Nevertheless, inter-national adoption should be halted for the sake of the children and the adoptive families, until more effi-cient regulation is created concerning cost, psychological factors, and illegal actions in the adoption pro-cess.
The cost of international adoption presents a reason for international adoption to be halted. Most adoptive parents consider international adoption on the assumption that its cost will be cheaper than domes-tic adoption (“Domestic vs. International Adoption” 1). When comparing the two types of adoption, the total amount of money paid shows that international and domestic adoption cost about the same amount of money. In some cases, the required costs for domestic adoption are more expensive than international adop-tion, but the overall cost for domestic adoptions can even be cheaper than international adoption. Susan Frievalds, of the Adoption Guide, compared the costs of the most popular international adoptions – Chi-nese, Ethiopian, Russian and South Korean – with the costs of U.S. domestic adoptions (Frievalds1). On average, the international adoptions cost $36053.00 while domestic adoptions in the U.S. cost $32629.00 (Frievalds 1-2). In addition, travel expenses for domestic adoptions, averaging $5000.00, are not as high as those for international adoptions, averaging a little under $12,000.00 (Freivalds2). Because international adoption is less regulated than domestic adoption, one can be more confident in knowing where the money is being sent when adopting domestically. The facts concerning the costs of international adoption com-pared to domestic adoption disprove the argument of international adoption being cheaper than domestic adoption.
International adoption agency fees play an influential part in the cause for international adoption cost regulation. An analysis of international adoption agencies’ fees show the inconsistencies that need to be taken into regulation. Jennifer Sexton and Geraldine...

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