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International Criminal Court Essay

3688 words - 15 pages

The International Criminal Court (ICC) is a relatively new organization; only just a decade old and it has seen a great deal of hardships and success. Since the creation of ICC it has seen a vast deal of criticisms that “[range] from concerns about racism and neocolonialism” and so forth. Not only has it encountered criticisms, but as well, people have questioned the usefulness of this organization? In truth, is it necessary to question the value, based on what little it has accomplished and in addition to, the amount of wealth it needs to stay buoyant? Concerning all of that, the ICC is nothing humanity has seen before; it has been described as “the most ambitious initiative in the history of modern international law.” The ICC was fashioned to handle judicial issues regarding government officials (however, it does not just include government officials but individual soldiers (though, persons under the age of eighteen are protected) and military leaders, and their superiors), unlike the International Court of Justice (ICJ; whose authority falls over states). Nevertheless, to comprehend the ICC, we are first going to look at the history (how it was created and why); secondly, why it is outside of the authority of the United Nations (UN); thirdly the accomplishments and failures. Lastly as a final point, the criticisms surrounding the ICC (reasons for such hatred towards it).
The idea of an international criminal court first arose after the atrocities of World War II. The beginning point for the formation of the International Criminal Court “is usually described as the Nuremburg and Tokyo Trials [that] followed World War II.” The United Nations first saw, the future of international justice when the draft of the statute was submitted to the UN in1953; however, unfortunately, this idea was put on hold due to the rise of two conflicting ideological superpowers. This resulted in a forty-year war, also known to be called the Cold War.
With the conclusion of the conflict between United States and the Soviet Union, this brought a new morality; it brought the philosophy of “a new era of international criminal justice.” Thus, discussions’ regarding the idea of an international criminal court remerged, however, during this time of ICC statue was in its youth. Additional problems arose, particularly with what had occurred in Rwanda and as well the former state Yugoslavia; because of the rise in the growth of technology during that era, mankind were able to witness through their television screens the atrocities occurring in these parts of the world. Everyday people became aware of the “heinous crimes in the territory of the former Yugoslavia and in Rwanda.” The United Nations response to said violence was an establishment of an “ad hoc tribunal.”
The first officially conference regarding the International Criminal Court formation, was headed in Rome in 1998. At some point in the convention assemblies of states: Canada and Norway for example,...

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