International Culture Paper

806 words - 3 pages

International Culture PaperConfucianism has influenced the Chinese culture for over two millennia. Its influence has spread to Korea, Japan, and Vietnam. Confucianism is a way of life taught by Confucius in the 5th to 6th century B.C. I am going to discuss in detail the life of Confucius, Confucianism, and about the beliefs of Confucians.Confucius was born in 551 B.C. in a small feudal state called Lu, which is now known as Shautung Province. He served in minor government positions managing stables and keeping books for granaries until he married at the age of nineteen. Confucius was a master of the six arts including ritual, music, archery, charioteering, calligraphy, and arithmetic. He also had familiarity with the classic traditions, notably poetry and history. These fine accomplishments enabled him to start a brilliant teaching career in his 30's. Confucius wanted to put his developed understanding of education, society, and government into a political career; however, his loyalty to the king alienated him from the power holders at the time. His moral rectitude did not sit well with the kings inner circle either. At the age of 56, Confucius left the country in attempt to find another feudal state that he could render his services to. He was accompanied by an expanding circle of students during his self-imposed exile of almost 12 years. His reputation as a man of vision and mission spread. Once he returned at the age of 67 he taught and preserved his cherished classical tradition by writing and editing. Confucius died in 479 B.C. at the age of 73 and his beliefs continued to last.Confucianism was not directly founded by Confucius, but rather a group of men continued his teachings and named it Confucianism after him. Confucius had a string desire to understand why certain rituals had survived for centuries. He saw himself responsible for the continuity of the cultural values and the social moralities that had worked so well for the Chou dynasty. This is the reason why Miencius, Xunzi, and others sustained Confucianism after Confucius, but it did not become influential until Dong Zhong Shu emerged in the 2nd century B.C. It was then recongnized as a Han State cult and the Five Classics became the care education. The Five Classics consist of Shu Ching (Classic of History), Shih Ching (Classic of Odes), I Ching (Classic of Changes), Ch'un Ching (Spring and Autumn Alials), and Li Ching (Classic of Rites).In spite of the strong influence of Daoism and Buddhism, Confucian ethics have had the...

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