International Insecurity and the Use of Force
The Media, the People, and Public Opinion
There are numerous interest groups who are against the data collection processes of the National Security Agency. While reviewing articles, Reitman wrote, “ Today, a bipartisan coalition of 86 civil liberties organizations and internet companies – including Electronic Frontier Foundation, reddit, Mozilla, Freedom Works and the American Civil liberties Union – are demanding swift action from Congress in light of the recent revelations about unchecked domestic surveillance”(Reitman, 2013, p. 1). These groups were not satisfied with the way the NSA was legally allowed to collect surveillance data and storage without more accountability as well as notification given to the public. After September 11th attacks in the US, the FBI, CIA, and other federal agencies stated working together to share intelligence. The NSA became a part of this intelligence sharing groups and these agencies had an improved system for terrorism Intel.
The international actors include NATO. Their efforts are always related to peacekeeping efforts and use of force after all other efforts had been exhausted. NATO members were concerned to learn what information was collected on them and when it could be possibly be used against them. The United Nations is another transnational actor. The UN has established regulations for all members to follow and the NSA intelligence gathering techniques were not a part of the UN charter.
Public opinion has run strong against the NSA and its data collection methods. They felt it was an invasion of their privacy and big brother should not be a part of every aspect of their life. Public opinion has grave concerns regarding the storage of this information and who is in charge and will their personal and private information to be leaked to a public forum. Public opinion polls have shown the public does not share positive ratings of the NSA’s processes. According to Davidsen, “Fifty three percent of respondents disapprove of the NSA’s collection of telephone and internet data in anti-terrorism efforts”(Davidsen, 2014, p. 3).
The National Security Agency has worked hard to get factual information out to the public since the Edward Snowden leak of NSA secrets. The media has jumped on this bandwagon to expose the depth of information that has been collection and stored. All of the media outlets have run stories about the NSA and other information they could retrieve to prove to the public how the NSA has invaded their personnel life. The NSA response always leads to the search for terrorists and not spying on the public personal lives.
The Impact of Foreign Policies
Within the United States the Executive Office of the President, Intelligence Organizations, Department of Defense, and Department of Justice are a few participants in the development of foreign policy. Many leaders were upset to learn from the leaks from the NSA, the extent the US was going...