This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

International Mediation During The Siege Of The Iranian Embassy Vs. Egypt And Istrael Dispute

1935 words - 8 pages

The aim of this essay is to compare two examples of international mediation and determine what were the strengths and weaknesses of the mediator/s in each case. The chosen cases that will be discussed in this paper are Iranian hostage crisis of 1979 with Algerian representatives as mediators between the United States and Iran, and the Camp David case with American president Jimmy Carter as a mediator between Egypt and Israel.
In 1979 the embassy of the United States in Tehran was attacked by a group of Iranian students who held the staff of the embassy as hostages. This event put a strain on Tehran-Washington diplomatic relations, which subsequently were completely cut. Therefore, Algeria was chosen as the official mediator, because it was already playing important role in “ non-existing” diplomatic relations between Iran and the United States. Not only the Algerians were familiar with the issue, but also the delegation consisted of four experienced and high-positioned professional negotiators. The siege of the embassy continued for 444 days, and ended on 20 January 1981 after successful mediation exhibited by Algerian representatives, all the hostages were finally released.
In contrast, the dispute between Egypt and Israel was ongoing for many years and there was no real urgency to solve issue. It was an initiative of newly elected President of the United States Jimmy Carter, who had a strong belief that the peace in the Middle East should be central objective of the US foreign policy, despite that he was warned about many previous failed attempts to find a solution for this issue.
Nevertheless, after thorough study of the subject Carter came up with an idea of a “just settlement”, which meant that Israel had to go back to the borders prior to 1967 and the Palestinians would settle in Gaza and the West Bank. This plan was strongly opposed by the government of Israel headed by Menachem Begin, however he offered to return the Sinai to Egypt instead. Egyptian president Anwar Sadat..

Comparison: difference and similarities comparing
Analyzing two cases, firstly, obvious difference that stands out in Algerian mediation case is that there was no face to face contact between the disputants. In addition, the mediation was very formal, according to protocol. In comparison, at Camp David Egyptian president and Israeli prime minister had a one-on-one negotiations first. Also, Carter preferred less formal way of meeting, for example, there was no protocol “for table seating at meals or for dress”. Secondly, the Algerian mediators were rather impartial toward Iran or the USA, and had not much to lose or gain from the outcome of the mediation, whereas at Camp David, Carter not only had geopolitical interests in the region as the President of the United States, but also he felt if he succeeded, it would have a positive influence on his political career. Thirdly, Algerians had a time pressure because of the hostages, comparing to Carter’s mediation,...

Find Another Essay On International Mediation During the Siege of the Iranian Embassy vs. Egypt and Istrael Dispute

Answers: Study the sieges of Antioch and Jerusalem during the first crusade and Acre during the Third Crusade. Describe the logistical hardships of mounting a siege in foreign territory

1576 words - 6 pages Study the sieges of Antioch and Jerusalem during the first crusade and Acre during the Third Crusade. Describe the logistical hardships of mounting a siege in foreign territory. Compare the means and ends of each campaign. How did the Crusaders act toward Jews and Muslims.Just as the developing warfare of the West, sieges were more common during the Crusades than were actual battles, and in the broader scope, the outcomes of these sieges were of

The Drawbacks and Disappointments of the Victim-Offender Mediation Program

2250 words - 9 pages ) that are necessary tasks for program implementation and success (Amstutz, 1999:70). In conclusion, it is essential to convey to mediators that the purpose of the program is to provide RJ process which involves victims, offenders and the community in repairing the harm caused by the crime. Moving on, mediators often promise to keep everything that is said during mediation confidential. The promise of “confidentiality” seems straightforward

Critically discuss the role and importance of intenational commercial arbitration as an alternative dispute settlement mechanism in international trade today

3024 words - 12 pages to litigation as a form of dispute settlement, to place in perspective the role of international commercial arbitration as an alternative means of settling disputes in international commercial trade.The litigation process is rather complex and even when deciding where the case is to be heard can be problematic. Questions such as, whether the plaintiff's chosen court has jurisdiction, or which other courts also have jurisdiction need to be

Yaroslav Trofimov's The Siege of Mecca

1477 words - 6 pages doomed to failure and capitulated to several ambushes. This arrest of the Grand Mosque horrified and appalled the Islamic World as hundreds and thousands of believers were taken captive and hundreds of military personnel as well as those detained were caught in the crossfire and were killed during the siege. The seige ended two weeks after it started. This attack, resulted in the Saudi state enacting a stricter state. This attack prompted a global

Events Leading to the Siege of Boston

1148 words - 5 pages homes, roads, and towns and enjoyed the bounty of plentiful space and resources the new world offered. During this time of expansion and growth however, an unwelcome concern lurked in the shadows. The British Empire was continuously attempting to expand their kingdom and at the time recover from the costly French and Indian War. It was not long before King George realized the potential of the colonies as a source of revenue and supplies. As a

The siege of camp half-blood

1291 words - 6 pages Aquilus came to with a splitting headache, the bruise on his jaw throbbing relentlessly. Suppressing the temptation to groan he stayed still and listened. Apart from the constant dripping of water, the room sounded empty. He cracked an eye open and satisfied he was alone, sat up and took a proper look at his surroundings. The room was small, square, with a high ceiling. The concrete floor rose and dipped beneath his feet. He jerked his head

BOEING VS AIRBUS: THE ONGOING WTO DISPUTE

3643 words - 15 pages Boeing vs Airbus: The Ongoing WTO DisputeIntroductionFor decades there has been a simmering dispute between the US and the EU over subsidies and other forms of aid for the world's two dominant makers of civil aircraft, Boeing and Airbus. Both sides accuse the other of distorting competition within the sector by receiving various forms of aid. Both Airbus and Boeing calculate that total subsidies running into the double digit billions have been

The 77 Day Siege at Khe Sanh This is a study of the tactical and political importance of the 77 day battle at Khe Sanh during the Vietnam conflict

2046 words - 8 pages plateau. Major GeneralTommy Tompkins took Tonc's information as truth and later said of the intel, "I decidedthat we would accept Tonc's information as valid since we had nothing to lose, and muchto gain."(6)During these first days of siege, the City of Khe Sanh was overrun by the NVA. Thiswas a clear political target for the Communist regime. The siege was as much political asit was tactical. As the capture Lieutenant alluded to in his interrogation

The Iranian Revolution and the Russian Revolution

2056 words - 8 pages The Iranian Revolution of 1979 was a religious uprising that involved the collapse of the longstanding Monarchy in Iran. In this essay, I will compare and contrast the background and ideology of the Iranian Revolution with the Russian Revolution of 1917. I will then outline the major differences and similarities between the two. In the 1970’s Iran, under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was a very centralized military state that maintained a close

The Finale of the Dispute

733 words - 3 pages Sabrina came from Chicago and at her school she wasn't popular but she had many friends and people just seemed to like her. Sabrina was very active in school she played soccer, volleyball, and she was a cheerleader. She also participated in many clubs such as the Nature Club, Medical club, Choir, and the Drama club. But while in the peak of her junior year of high school she found out that she had to move to Florida so her parents could be

Jimmy Carter and the Iranian Hostage Crisis

1821 words - 8 pages U.S. embassy in Tehran. Many of them feared that the United States planned to return to Iran and reinstate Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi as their leader, because of the close diplomatic ties that had been established with him. The United States had helped him to overthrow Iran’s Prime Minister during a power struggle in 1953 and modernize Iran (“The Hostage Crisis in Iran”). The Iranian protesters- many of whom were college students- took

Similar Essays

The Siege Of The Iranian Embassy

1295 words - 5 pages The Siege of the Iranian Embassy On April 30th 1980 a six man Iraqi terrorist group burst into the Iranian embassy. The embassy in Princes Gate, London, contained 20 people, which included a police constable. The terrorist wanted the release of 91 political prisoners from jail in Iran and a plane for them to escape. If their demands were not met they would execute all the hostages and blow up the Embassy. The

The Crusades And The Siege Of Damascus

838 words - 4 pages The Crusades lasted much longer than most people are aware. Common knowledge of the Crusades states that it was one long war between Christians and Muslims, when in fact; there were several Crusades, between Christians, and all non-Christians. The first Crusade was the only successful Crusade, and was widely praised in Christian Europe. After the fall of Edessa in 1144, a second Crusade was waged unsuccessfully. Dawn Hayes, a professor

The Siege Of Bastogne Essay

999 words - 4 pages The Siege of Bastogne was a pivotal engagement in December of 1944 between American and German troops at the Belgian town of Bastogne. The siege was part of the larger Battle of the Bulge, a German offensive that planned to take the harbor at Antwerp to relieve supply chain issues in the region. The German’s had their backs against the wall going into this battle, as they needed to capture the harbor before the Allied forces could bring their

Features Of The Litigation And Mediation Process

931 words - 4 pages There are various features of both the litigation and mediation processes, each affecting the parties to a dispute. Determining these effects depends on the process, what approach is taken by the third parties, the role of the third party, the subject of the disputes and the binding nature of the final outcome. The objectives of each process also play a vital role in determining the impact that is felt by parties. There are a multitude of