International Relations Perspectives On Terrorism Essay

719 words - 3 pages

Historical & Political Overview
Since the end of the Cold War, dramatic emerging shifts in the focus of international relations, from the world superpowers, have veered to that of terrorism and counterterrorism. Terrorism and in/direct threats to the order of international stability of sovereign states did not come to the forefront of significance and study until the 20th century with the events occurring on September 11, 2001 at the World Trade Center and the U.S. Pentagon. Immediately following these traumas, there “began a reorientation in foreign policy towards weak and failing states” (Skuldt, n.d., p. 1). The world of academia has traditionally focused on international relations as a ...view middle of the document...

In combination, [terrorist events] also gradually led to a realization by the academic community that new ‘international’ terrorism [acts] posed a specific and novel threat to which their foreign policy establishments were largely unable to respond” (Skuldt, n.d., p. 4). After 9/11, foreign policy shifted its focus, and as greater expansion emerged to defense policy actions, gradually international relations scholars started to realign their processes towards the systemic, policy, and threats to the international systems themselves.
Terrorism itself is not a new phenomenon to the world; but has in fact been simply placed into a collective status. The North-South Conflict, political ideologies between socialist and capitalist countries, the revolutionary-liberalization movements, and the on-going struggle between democracy, totalitarianism and fundamentalism, have all been forms of terrorism discussion. After the 9/11 events, the UN adopted Resolution 1373 (September 28, 2001) – a resolution that “became the cornerstone of the UN’s counterterrorism effort. It also represents a departure for that institution. Adopted under Chapter VII, the Resolution declared that international terrorism is a threat to ‘international peace and security’ and imposes binding obligations on all UN member states” (Tkachenko, 2006, p....

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