We have worked with individual projects this spring in International English. The project involved choosing a topic that you find interesting and tie it up to the curriculum goals for this year. I chose to write about the internet censorship in China. The reason I chose this topic for my project was because I found it very interesting and I wanted to learn more about it. The curriculum goals I will tie this topic up to are; to discuss upon international and global challenges in the world today, and analyze and discuss the English language media’s role in international societies.
“Internet censorship is control or suppression of the publishing or accessing of information on the Internet” according to Wikipedia.org. China is an example of a country that bans certain information and websites hosted outside the country. Through internet censorship, the government in China is trying to prevent its citizens from viewing these websites and from getting more information than what the government would want their citizens to know. The question I will try to answer in this assignment is: Why has China set such restrictions?
China is situated in Asia, and is the most populated country in the world, with its estimated 1.3 billion inhabitants. The country is the fourth biggest country in the world, and has experienced many periods of war, peace and splitting.
The country has always been very well-known for the Great Wall of China. This wall was built approximately 2000 years ago to protect the Asian country from the nomadic people. However, today there is a new kind of “wall”, the new wall is a political wall that is ruled by the government to "protect" the inhabitants from the real, and sometimes brutal, world outside.
China is a huge communistic country, which is today ruled by the President HU Jintao who represents the Communist Party of China. The country is ruled with communistic rules even though they keep to the regulations of a market-based economy. This means that the prices of goods and services are determined in a free price system, and the production of goods depends on the demand of people who buy it rather than by a government or anyone else. In 2004 Hu Jintao set restrictions for the Chinese civilization on abroad radio listening, and in 2006 he demanded control over all liberal press which resulted in 32 journalists being brought to jail.
In March 2010 one of the world’s biggest searching engines on the internet; Google, who until then had agreed with the government of China to censor their search results, chose to retreat the censor to avoid conflict and decided to restart the sending from Hong Kong. This made it possible for the Chinese citizens to get the information they needed through the Hong Kong websites. The reason there is not applied censorship in Hong Kong is because it is a special entity recognized by international agreement, vested with independent judicial power and not subject to most laws, including those...