Interntional Relations After The Cold War

1672 words - 7 pages

Cold War - the period from 1946 to 1989, when the two superpowers - the United States and Soviet relations became very strained. The world was divided into communist and democratic bloc headed by the superpowers. Among them, continued to fight an ideological and propaganda, economic and military rivalry. Military was created, in which weapons and military strategy were tested. At the end of the Second World War, relations between the former allies in the war with Germany began to deteriorate. Stalin did not want to run out of hands of those areas that were occupied by Soviet Union , the U.S. threatened the entrenchment of the Soviet Union. In addition, both countries were represented opposing economic systems, and each of their capacity due to one or another economic model, popular in the world. Cold War era started after W. Churchill speech in 1946, Fulton he said: From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across Europe. Soon the Soviet Union's policy in Europe has become very aggressive, while the U.S. tried to make every effort to stop the spread of communism. Disastrous for the Cold War era was the time when NATO's military unit located in Germany was divided into two states. Then the Soviet Union failed to establish a military bloc, but that's why they established their control of economic unification of the Eastern European countries (ESPT).Rivalry between the superpowers and the two systems involved Asia. Chinese revolution, the Korean Conflict, Vietnam War – a Cold War implications. Formidable competition reached the limit of the superpowers during the Caribbean crisis, when the communist-ruled Cuba, the Soviets deployed medium-range missiles. United States demanded the removal of these missiles and the Soviet Union removed it. Both superpowers knew that the world has found itself on the threshold of the Third World War. They began to reduce the tension, the cold war eased somewhat, but the main objections disappeared. In the seventies hit the balance of power in which both sides knew that the attack will be even counter-strike nuclear missiles. New cooling period began as well as the events of Czechoslovakia known as the Brezhnev Doctrine. But United States cautiously supported the Czechoslovak aspirations for free The USSR and United States signed a treaty on the limitation of armaments (SGA-1). Europe has a number of conferences on security and cooperation, which led to an agreement, signed in Helsinki. Economic and military rivalry depleted the Soviet Union. It failed to produce enough weapons and goods of the population. Leonid Brezhnev era and the farm economy experienced stagnation period. When he lost his power, a young Communist Party leader Mikhail Gorbachev stood for liberal reforms in Eastern Europe on opening separately in the Iron Curtain. "Fall of the Berlin Wall - a symbol of the Cold War, reflected the division of the world into two camps.

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