Interpretation of Urban Design
There is a precedent need for the presence of urban design. Urban design is the collection of arranged urban structures that creates functional spaces for people. This is an interdisciplinary practice that can involve multiple actors in fields such as urban planning, architecture, engineering, landscaping, economics, law, and many more. Strong urban designs can lead to the success of linking built structure together to create a unique space open to interpretation. These interpretations include utilizing the space for social interaction, a narrative about the city, and self-identification with the place. Childs methodology is from a case study perspective in which he observed and recorded the relationship between narrative and urban design. Sepe and Pitt base their characters of space in urban design from an individual and homogeneity perspective through anthropological, sociological and psychological tactics. Aelbrecht study of urban design is through observations of everyday urban spaces and reaching a conclusion that seeks to address the lack of public realms to facilitate public interaction. These perception of space will be reviewed in order understand the link between place making from urban design and its relation to bringing the community together.
Good urban design can lead to a community having a strong public life. Strong urban design can instigate interaction between strangers. According to Aelbrecht (2010), there is an increasing decline of public life due to the failure of providing good public space. Her analysis states that urban design of public space is bland, safe, and this safety does not allow unplanned exchanges to occur. In her study, she did a case study of Parque das Nacoes and observed that public interaction is more likely to occur in areas that are not purposefully designed. The decline of social encounters in urban environment, as Sepe and Pitt (2014) research shows, is also the result of cyberspace. Cyber space is a new mode of place. It eliminates distance and as a result has minimized the importance and meaning of place.
There are three conditions Aelbrecht (2010) outlined that must be met in order to allow for public interaction: (1) open persons, the accessibility for an encounter with others, (2) Open regions/ locales, a situated place which is mutually accessible to all, and (3) triangulation, external stimulates that creates opportunities for strangers to talk to each other. Sepe and Pitt (2014) have a similar set of conditions that is defined as sociological value. Sociological value looks at how space influences encounters. There are three types of social relationships that derive from sociological values: (1) constituted through space, the characteristics of the site influence forms of settlement (2) constrained by space, built environment facilitates or disrupts human activity, and (3) mediated by space, the inhibition or regulation of various social...