This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Intervention Studies Of Forgiveness: A Meta Analysis

1461 words - 6 pages


Journal Article Review: Intervention Studies on Forgiveness: A Meta-Analysis
Summary
The motivation and tendency of people to forgive others remains an important topic of discussion. In today’s society most people at some period have experienced feeling of un forgiveness towards friend, or relatives. “Forgiveness was defined as the ability to relinquish of resentment towards others” (Baskin & Enright, 2004, p. 80).
The purpose of this paper is to examine current research on forgiveness, by conducting a Meta-Analysis multiple studies on forgiveness. By conducting Meta-Analysis a latest research, will provide guidance for the configuration and expansion for future research on forgiveness.
“Earlier research proposed that people who have been treated unfair or have emotional problems could benefit from forgiving” (Baskin and Enright, 2004, p.79).
This research examined three theories on forgiveness intervention. First, Baskin and Enright, (2004, p.82) separate the study group into three classifications rather evaluate the entire category of studies on forgiveness into one group. Second, Baskin and Enright, (2004, p.82) categorized difference and compared decision-based verses process -based amongst previous research.
Third, Baskin and Enright, (2004, p.82) “examined how effective forgiveness therapy within a counseling session”. Baskin and Enright, (2004, p. 79) hypothesized forgiveness therapy is effective in clinical and counseling sessions for intervention.
Methods
Baskin and Enright, (2004, p.85) analyzed data from nine empirical studies on the effectiveness of forgiveness intervention in counseling settings. They then performed a test of Homogeneity to determine whether the studies could be arranged into one or three separate groups for Meta-analyzes.
Baskin and Enright, (2004, p.85) “computed the effected size of the intervention for the dependent variable and test for Homogeneity between the groups”. “The two dependent variables were: forgiveness and emotional health variables” (Baskin and Enright, 2004, p.85). Meta-analyzes results showed that forgiveness in clinical and therapy is effective intervention. In addition, the results showed no difference between decision based and those who selected not to forgive. Baskin and Enright, (2004, p.85) “computed the effected size of the intervention for the dependent variable”. “The two dependent variables were: forgiveness and emotional health variables” (Baskin and Enright, 2004, p.85). Meta-analyzes results showed that forgiveness in clinical and therapy is effective intervention. In addition, the results showed no difference between decision based and those who selected not to forgive.
Reflection
I was encouraged that researchers are starting to use biblical principles to answer secular questions. Forgiveness is a difficult process especially when sexual abuse such as, rape has been committed against the person.
The bible teaches Christians to forgive in order to receive...

Find Another Essay On Intervention Studies of Forgiveness: A Meta Analysis

Tiananmen Square Massacre and Tlatelolco Massacre: A comparative analysis of Mexican and Chinese military intervention against students’ protests.

2038 words - 9 pages -Capacity Authoritarian Regimes. This framework provides seven points of analysis to determine if a government can be considered an HCAR. By determining if a government is an HCAR it would allow us understand how it was possible for both the Mexican and Chinese government to use military troops to kill and repress students’ movements, without any serious repercussion or threat to their continuity. The roots of the Tiananmen Square and Tlatelolco

Cost Benefit Analysis of Third-Party Intervention in Intrastate Conflict

6379 words - 26 pages LITERATURE HAS FOCUSED ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SUCH INTERVENTION WITHOUT PROPERLY EVALUATING THE REASONS WHY A THIRD-PARTY CHOOSES TO COMMIT MILITARY RESOURCES TO SUCH ENDEAVORS. THIS STUDY WILL EXAMINE BOTH THE RELATIVE CAPABILITIES OF THE ACTORS INVOLVED, AND THE STATED REASONS FOR INTERVENTION, IN AN ATTEMPT TO DISCOVER WHAT SET OF CIRCUMSTANCES CAUSE AGGRESSIVE FORMS OF INTERVENTION. COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS IS EMPLOYED BY THIRD PARTIES AND IS

A Cultural Studies Analysis Of Popular Culture Production Through Animated Movies. A Review Of Wall E And Robots

2869 words - 12 pages A Cultural studies analysis of popular culture production through animated MoviesA review of Wall E and RobotsByOdiley Festus 065335ForRTVF 51115th DecemberForProf Tugurl IlterCinema and movies have become hallmarks of modern lifestyle in contemporary society, Modernity is defined by them, in the so called 'civilized' world the media are not just entertainment institutions they are creators of culture itself. This assumption is the basis of this

‘Is humanitarian military intervention an example of a justified war.’

1464 words - 6 pages Humanitarian intervention is one of the most controversial topics in world politics today. This is due to the ethical dilemma at the core of humanitarian intervention – that it violates a state’s sovereignty in the name of upholding human rights and human security (Lang: 2002). Despite it being heavily contested, humanitarian intervention is commonly employed by international organisations today as a way to address human rights violations

Analysis of Studies of Galatians by Tom Wacaster

1070 words - 5 pages The book Studies in Galatians was a very fine read. The book written by Tom Wacaster was very well put together. I felt like he did a fine job gathering good help to really bring home some of the main points out of this book. Well-organized verse by verse is bought to the attention of the reader in a simple format. I really like the fact that he shared the ideas of others and did not hesitate to let the reader know that who was saying what. From

Why Students Drop Out of Online Degree Programs: A Meta-Analysis

1278 words - 6 pages As online learning continues to boost in popularity, more institutions of higher learning are focusing on a common occurrence practiced among universities and colleges offering online courses (Street, n. d.). There is significant growth in the online market because students working full time are the fastest growing part of the learner population and they bring commercial tuition dollars with them. It is estimated that five of six online

The Use of Red Palm Oil as an Intervention Food to Prevent Vitamin A Deficiency

1181 words - 5 pages Jaclyn Ramos The Use of Red Palm Oil as an Intervention Food to Prevent Vitamin A Deficiency Vitamin A is an essential nutrient that supports growth, immune function and vision in humans. Vitamin A deficiency is primarily a public health concern in developing countries where dietary sources of vitamin A are not as available as they are in industrialized countries. Vitamin A can be obtained from carotenoids (primarily beta-carotene) in certain

ARTICLE REVIEW; ADVANCING RECREATIONAL STUDIES: AN ANALYSIS OF MENTAL TOUGHNESS IN OUTDOOR ADVENTURE PROGRAM

1868 words - 8 pages settings and influence of camp’s environment’. Secondly, the researchers believe the camp should utilized minimum technological intervention thus encouraged the participants to experience traditional camping method, such as cooking in a group, making a fire and building groups’ shelter. During the camp period, this traditional camping method was believed to create a challenging situation especially when the participants were mostly accustomed to

This essay is a recapitulation and meta-analysis of two essays appertaining to pedagogical ideologies and the methodologies that are concomitant to them

1583 words - 6 pages equanimity are defenestrated (if they are lucky) or, at worst, their salubrious visages turn sallow as the misanthropic malefactors divest them of their corporeal existence, leaving a concatenation of sanguinary bodies, myriad dreams and expectations stanched, as the oppressors continue on the road to genocide. While the development of most power structures (and the societal bifurcation of equality and inequality and the internecine struggles that are

Did the war against Iraq fulfil the criteria for a legitimate use of force under the 'humanitarian intervention' doctrine

1073 words - 4 pages I believe that the coalitions invasion of Iraq, was not justified on the basis that it did not fulfil the circumstances which justify the doctrine of humanitarian intervention.The use of force against one state by another under article 2(4) of the UN Charter is expressly prohibited, however, it is argued that humanitarian intervention is a justifiable exception to this article (p190, r4.10). The argument that humanitarian intervention

Analysis of a Child

6399 words - 26 pages Analysis of a Child This assignment describes and analyses my involvement with a 13-year-old client Joe Smith, who was temporarily supported under section 25 (voluntary) of the Children's (Scotland) Act 1995 to be Looked After and Accommodated by the Local Authority. The process of intervention will be discussed from pre-engagement, assessment and gathering of information to client interaction and networking with

Similar Essays

A Meta Analysis Of The Impacts Of Soy Milk, Skim Milk, And Fermented Milk On Cholesterol Levels

1229 words - 5 pages Five studies were found that coincide with the study selection criteria for on the effects of fermented milk on cholesterol levels. Although some studies do not agree, a consensus can still be reached. Five studies were found that agree consuming fermented milk products helps to lower cholesterol levels. Of these studies Agerbaek et al., (1995) conducted a six-week study on fifty-eight healthy, non-obese males with normal cholesterol levels, all

Leader Member Exchange And Citizenship Behaviors: A Meta Analysis Assignment One For Organizational Behavior

1694 words - 7 pages whether the study should be included in the meta-analysis or not they use decision rules and determine which of the studies have to exclude. This kind of decision making can have positive and negative influences. Another thing that promoted article is that researchers were informed by contacting authors to obtain data necessary that ends in calculate an effect size if it appeared that such data were collected but were not reported in the study

Guatemala: A Reflection Of United States Intervention

1700 words - 7 pages , such as the one attempted in Cuba in the 1960s and later in Chile in the 1970s. The success of the coup wrongly solidified the United State's confidence in their ability, and even their perceived right, to intervene in preservation of their personal economic interest. Although Guatemala has signed a peace treaty, the country's condition remains fragile. Scholars directly accredit this fragility as the result of the U.S. intervention in 1954; a

A Cultural Studies Analysis Of “From The Graveyard Of The Arousal Industry”

673 words - 3 pages around him, and the role that it ultimately plays in the directionality of his life. While critics of cultural studies may object that I have misrepresented the manifestations in which culture can be found, arguing that the core values and/or "True Identity" of any culture are withheld in memebers of it's [said culture] community. However, I contend that Pearson is advocating the opposite, and that culture itself can be retained in non-physical entities, in this case, music as a whole.