This paper aims to provide the best practice to implement effectively one of the most common methods of data collection: the in depth interview. Having already discussed the diversity of research methods to collect data, given the nature and insights of the in depth interview in the previous part (In depth interview: An important method of qualitative data collection), this guideline focuses on evolving a practical consideration in preparing, implementing and applying the in depth interview method.
APPROACHING THE IN DEPTH INTERVIEW
• Necessary Actions to Have a Good Preparation for the Interview Process
Take into consideration the number of interview subjects with regard to the purpose of the research.
Contemplate the available and logistical resources: time and money, quality versus quantity
Determine the expertise to conduct the interview or train the interviewers
Consider the role and criteria of a good interviewer.
Establish the personal contact
Regard the ethical issues through the seven-stage of interviewing
Deliberate the interview quality, the level of competence
The choices of questions (open ended questions, probing questions are preferred)
Determine the form of interviews: one-to-one interviews, focus group interviews, telephone interviews, electronic interviews.
Guarantee a suitable location to interview (quite, private)
Check the electronic device (microphone and the audio recorder)
Prepare yourself prior engaging in the interview
Be conscious of the differences in culture and bias
Notice the interviewees about the study and principles of ethic (confidentiality, anonymity)
Utilise the technical tools: The Ethnograph, Atlas.ti, Folio Views, NVivo
• A Practical Process of the Interview :
Follow a procedure of seven-stage to fulfil an in depth interview.
Stage 1: Identify the objectives/conceptions of the interviews:
• Why do you need to conduct this interview?
• What primary information do you need to obtain?
• How will the interview be approached?
• In the Interview
Stage 2: Design the interview guide through seven-stage of interviewing
• Reflect what knowledge you want to acquire
• Demonstrate the main topics and questions that you will approach
• Pay attention to the ethical issues
Stage 3: Carry out the interview based on the interview guide
• Make introduction to the respondents
• Show the objectives of the interview
• Create a comfortable environment of interviewing
• Ask the respondents for permission of audio recording the interview
• Guide the respondents to go through the interview with regard to the important issued
• Listen, observe and record to acquire the essential data Stage 4: Create the interview materials for further analysis
• Rehear the audio recording
• Write out exactly each question and answer (transcription)
• Also include the notes of the interviewer
Stage 5: Review the transcription
• Identify the key themes arose from the transcript
• Synthesise the response...