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Sexually Transmitted Infection: The Human Papilloma Virus

2253 words - 9 pages

HPV, also known as the human papilloma virus is a sexually transmitted infection that is common worldwide. It is contracted in homosexual and heterosexual relationships when direct genital-to-genital contact occurs. This virus affects both genders and can often lie dormant for many years without any symptoms (Waller et al., 2004). However, some strands of HPV can be detrimental as it causes 99% of cervical cancer in women (Kaplan-Myrth & Dollin, 2007) and 40% of penile cancer in men (Parkin & Bray, 2006). Cancers of the anus, mouth and oro-pharynx are other diseases that can arise in either of the HPV positive genders (Parkin & Bray, 2006). Women in Canada are currently provided with a HPV vaccination program that is funded by the Canadian government. Men however are given the vaccination upon request but, for a certain fee. This causes men to believe the vaccination is not necessary as it is not provided by the government. Nonetheless, men still play a role in spreading the virus as there is genital-to-genital contact during sex. I strongly believe that the Canadian government should fund the HPV vaccination program for men as it will greatly improve the health of the Canadian population.
HPV in Women and Men:
HPV in women can start off as genital warts but if left untreated, it can lead to chronic diseases including cancer of the cervix. This form of cancer is the second most common in women diagnosed with HPV. The cancer of the cervix is a serious issue as there was an estimated prevalence of 493,000 and a death count of 274,000 in the world in 2002 (Parkin & Bray, 2006).
According to Parkin and Bray (2006), cancer of the penis is infrequent in males as it only accounts for less than 0.5% of the total amount of cancer in men. However, it is still a global dilemma as the incidence for penile cancer was 10,500 in 2002.
Cancer of the anus, mouth and, oro-pharynx are other HPV related diseases that can occur in both genders. In 2002, the incidence of these diseases was 18,300 for women and, slightly higher at an incidence of 23,300 for men (Parkin & Bray, 2006). The evidence above shows that HPV is a global problem that needs to be fixed. There are increasing amounts of females and males contracting HPV as a result of the lack of funding towards the male HPV vaccination program. Theoretically, vaccinating women will decrease the transmission of HPV from females to males but, this will not stop unvaccinated women from obtaining the virus from men. In addition, the male homosexual community will be plagued with the virus as it will be passed between male partners. In more recent research, Rositch et al. (2013) had provided evidence that HPV positive individuals have an increased chance of obtaining a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). If left untreated, many of the HPV positive population will develop an HIV which could also be passed on to others. Through vaccinating all genders, possibilities of this problem arising decreases. It would be...

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