The scope of the study
The Informants have been selected from APIIITs. This study has been restricted to the analysis of 30 informants, out of which 19 are male and 11 are female. All the conclusions of the study are strictly based on, and limited to the data recorded and collected from the selected thirty informants. The intonation patterns of the specimens are done purely based on the auditory impressions of the recorded data.
In describing intonation patterns of the Informants, Received Pronunciation has been taken as the standard for purposes of comparison because of the following reasons.
• British English is considered to be intelligible all over the world.
• Books and audio materials are based on this variety are available worldwide.
Choice of the Speakers
The informants were selected from speakers of both English and Telugu medium backgrounds. They all belong to different places in Andhra Pradesh and they are all working at APIIITs, from each APIIIT, 10 informants were selected. These places are as follows:
a. APIIIT-I: Idupulapaya or Rajiv Gandhi Valley, Y.S.R.District ( Kadapa).
b. APIIIT-II: Basara (Adilabad District).
c. APIIIT-III: Nuzvid (Krishna District).
For this study, a contextually rich dialogue has been selected, this dialogue has been taken from “Clear Speech: Pronunciation and Listening Comprehension in North American English” by Judy B. Gilbert (CUP 1984, 1993).” Though we have taken a dialogue from North American English text, the intonation marks which we used for original text are based on British English (RP).
Meaning of Intonation
The vocal cords are capable of vibrating at varying rates. Now, the number of cycles per second (cps) at which they vibrate is called the frequency of vibration, which determines the pitch of the voice. The higher the frequency, the higher the pitch and vice versa.
J.C.Wells (2006, p.1), intonation is the melody of speech. In studying intonation, we study how the pitch of the voice rises and falls, and how speakers use this pitch variation to convey linguistic and pragmatic meaning. It also involves the study of how the interplay of accented, stressed and unstressed syllables functions as a framework onto which the intonation patterns are attached.
Daniel Jones (1960)
Daniel Jones (1960), intonation may be defined as the variations which take place in the pitch of the musical note produced by the vibration of the vocal cords.
M.A.K.Halliday’s Intonation (1967)
M.A.K. Halliday (1970), defines intonation as ‘the melody of speech’ or ‘Intonation is the musical speech pattern’
Halliday describes intonation in terms of tonality, tonicity and tone. He made a distinction between the normal and special cases of intonation patterns by using the terms ‘neutral’ and ‘marked’ while discussing actual occurrences of...