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Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivation Essay

654 words - 3 pages

When a person plans or wants to do something, he or she has a motivation for that specific thing. In other words, when a person does something, that person has a reason why he or she should do that thing. Not always there is a reason to do something, but sometimes may be many reasons that are backing a person to take those actions to do it. This happens not only to humans, or living organisms, but also in nonliving organisms. An example is when a rock which had bounced after it hit the floor while falling down. Scientists may tell some of the reasons why the rock does that kind of action, but they cannot tell all of the reasons that back the rock’s actions. A similar thing, as the scientists, was Alfie Kohn trying to do in his essay, “Why Self-Discipline is Overrated”. He was telling some of the motivation that people have that back part of their actions. Two of those motivations which Kohn talks about are intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, and how they are sometimes combined together.
Beginning with first motivation, which Kohn talked about, that is intrinsic motivation. This type of motivations makes person to take action not for the reward, but will take reward if necessary. The reason is that the reward is not the main thing that is backing up the action; but something else that could be self-develop, peace, etc. An example is a boy does his homework just because he was told by his parents to do his homework. Based on that the boy believes that his parents know what is best for him to do.
On the other hand, extrinsic motivation is when a person takes actions knowing that at the end of that action there is a reward waiting for him or her. In this case, the person does it not because thinking about self-development, peace, etc. but about the reward. An example could be that the boy’s mother will not let the...

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