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Intro To International Relations Essay

466 words - 2 pages

1. Briefly review the major conceptual, methodological and theoretical problems in the field of International Relations. Explain the ways by which post-behavioralism can overcome the shortcomings of the behavioral approach.The study of International Relations (IR) touches or overlaps with every other social science, which leads to several problems with the concepts, methods and theories within the field. Because the scope of IR is so broad terminology is not clearly defined leading to confusion or a lack or clarity to all students. A common term in IR might not carry the same meaning or a clear definition in Economics, Sociology or any other social ...view middle of the document...

No one method or approach will work perfectly without the support of another. It is possible to study using only one or multiple methods or theories. This is a double-edged sword as it allows more flexibility and more work than only having one theory. There are minimal problems with the actual theories in IR as they are very stable. Because a theory is something that has been tested and can be duplicated the theories in place are reliable.There are three specific methods used in IR. The first approach is normative or philosophical. To use this approach is costly in the moral sense. The social scientist using this approach is doomed from the start unless clear parameters are set because this approach defines good, bad, right and wrong. The following two approaches are tied to one another in that the first, Behavioralism, was too flawed as a theory tool. Thus the need for creating the Post-Behaviorism theory. The Behavioralism approach is also referred to as the Empirical or Scientific approach. This method is extremely accurate but does not call for anything other than quantitative analysis. It works because data is measurable, provable and accurate. It closely follows the widely accepted scientific approach. The overall cost (time, resources and money) makes this approach problematic. Post-Behaviorism Approach introduced a new way of being scientific and following a set of standardized procedures without the effort, time or cost of the Behaviorism Approach. Post-Behaviorism allows for more generalizations keeping relative accuracy.

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