Mathematics is a powerful learning tool for all the people in this world. This is because all the people will be used it to identify the situations in their life. They are also requiring have an ability to use mathematics to apply into different fields based on what they have learned such as science, language and other curriculum areas.
The main aim in introducing Primary School Standard Curriculum (KSSR) is to improve and restructure the current curriculum (KBSR) to make sure the students can excel the skills, values and knowledge to face the challenge 21st century. The aim of introducing KSSR is to increase the students’ interest toward English subject. KSSR was introduced to upgrade and reorganize the current curriculum (According to Claire (2012), “KSSR was introduced and upgrade the current curriculum”). This Standard Curriculum provides the children a chance to make predictions and solve the problems around them. The main aim in introducing Primary School Mathematics Curriculum (KBSR) is to develop students’ understanding about concepts of number and acquiring the basic skills of calculation. Through this mathematics curriculum, the students will be able to solve their mathematical problems in their daily routines effectively and systematically. At the same time, the students also can use this skill in their studies or society anywhere and anytime.
The Primary School New Curriculum (KBSR) was implemented in all schools in Malaysia in 1983. At the same year, the Modern Mathematics Curriculum was modified to KBSR Mathematics. The difference between them is the organization of the content areas to suit students’ ability in mastering the basic skills. The main aim for introducing this mathematics curriculum was to enable the students to equip their basic counting skill.
Besides that, the syllabus of Mathematics was divided into two phases. That is Phase 1 which is for Year 1 to Year 3 while Phase 2 which is for Year 4 to Year 6. Phase 1 emphasized on mastering of basic skills in solving mathematical problems. For examples, reading and writing skills are the basic skills for solving mathematical problems. Phase 1 also emphasizing on basic numerical skills like addition, multiplication, subtraction and division. The aim was enabled the students to develop their counting skills in the classroom. Moreover, Phase 2 emphasized on the strength of the basic skills such as in reading, writing and arithmetic skills. This program also emphasized on students’ thinking skills, moral value and their curricular activities.
However, in 1998, the Primary School Mathematics Syllabus was revised again due to allow all the students to learn basic Mathematics skill and use it in everyday situations in their life. The Syllabus Committee has grouped all the required learning skills in KBSR into nine main topics. These are whole numbers and their operations; fraction and their operations; decimal and their operations; money; measurement of lengths and...