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Introduction Of Islam Essay

1229 words - 5 pages

Introducing IslamIntroductionIslam is one of the major religion in the world, its monotheism or believes in a single God. The original language of Islam is Arabic. Islam is the Arabic word and it means peace or submission. Muslims are the followers of Islam, The meaning of the Muslim is a person who submit him for the will of God. In 622A.D Islam was founded and the Muhammad the prophet was the founder of it, but according to some Muslims faith Islam existed before (Jeremiah 25).By 656 Islam was spread on the entire Arabian Peninsula. After that it spread to three continents Asia, Africa and Europe. It expanded even more rapidly after the Prophet's death. The Empire continued to expand and Islam gradually became the chosen faith of the majority of its inhabitants. Some of the reasons that Islam spread so rapidly was that Islam calls for faith in only One God worthy of worship (Braswell, 41).The Qur'an is the holy book that Muslims follow. Muslims also practice the five pillars. It is like the summary of that Islam believes and practice or what they need to believe or practice. They are 1.To recite at least once during their lifetime the shahadah (the creed: "There is no God but God and Muhammad is his Prophet"). 2.To perform the salat (prayer) 5 times a day. 3. To donate regularly like 2.5% of your income to the church. 4. To fast during the month of Ramadan (first revelation of the Qur'an from God to Muhammad). 5. To visit Mecca at least once in his\her lifetime. This 5 pillars or beliefs are explain the Qur'an and are very important to the Muslims (Jeremiah 22).HistoryIslam rose to prominence around the seventh century around Mecca and Medina in the Arabian peninsula. Muhammad the Prophet was born in 570 A.D. In the city of Mecca. At the age of 25 he married his first wife, and his revelations began in 610 A.D. At the age of forty Muhammad received a vision while at a cave on Mount Hira. This was three miles from Mecca.During this time, the angel Gabriel appeared to him and gave him a vision. This vision over a period of time became known as the sacred scripture, the Qur'an. From 610 to 622 A.D., Muhammad lived in Mecca and continued to received communications from Gabriel. In the year 619 it is said that Muhammad was taken by the angel Gabriel. To Jerusalem where he met Abraham, Moses and Jesus and led them in prayer. After that encounter Muhammad led the Muslim armies to take over the Arabian peninsula until his death in 632.After the death of Muhammad the Muslims named their leaders Caliphs. Caliph means the deputy messenger of Allah. Between 632 to 750 A.D., the Muslims had conquered of the known world. They controlled North Africa to India and western China. They reached into Europe to Spain and France. During the dark ages in Europe, Islam claimed many first in medicine:Conflicts Between Islamic GroupsAfter the death of Muhammad, Islam split into different sects. The two most noted are the Sunni and Shi'ite. The Sunni claimed the prophet...

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