Introduction To Border Security Essay

1269 words - 6 pages


Biosecurity is extremely important for New Zealand as the country relies predominantly on its primary production than other developed countries around the globe. The term biosecurity, when referring to New Zealand, can be defined as the need to prevent entry and establishment of any unwanted organisms on both land and aquatic environments. These organisms can be anything from plants and animals to threats to viruses. In the event of a threat crossing the border, the term biosecurity covers attempts to contain and if that fails, how the threat is controlled and managed (Goldson, 2011).
To have an effective biosecurity system all of New Zealand has to work together. This includes the government, industries and individual New Zealanders. Biosecurity does not just happen at the border; it includes managing risks before they get access to the border as well as within the border (Biosecurity New Zealand, 2009).
It is well recognised that having a risk free border is not possible and as such the Ministry of Primary Industries (MPI) has measures in place to control and manage the biosecurity risks to New Zealand.


The Ministry of Primary Industries (MPI) was formed from the merger of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF), the Ministry of Fisheries and the New Zealand Food Safety Authority (NZFSA) in 2012. The MPI is in charge of New Zealand’s biosecurity system, this includes facilitating trade with other countries, protecting New Zealand citizen’s health and protecting the welfare of New Zealand’s environment and resources (New Zealand, n.d.).
As New Zealand relies heavily on its primary production systems such as agriculture and horticulture, trade with other countries is vital for exporting as well as importing goods. Primary industries in New Zealand, for example milk and milk products, contribute more than 65% of goods exported (Goldson, 2011). Biosecurity is fundamental to the economic security of New Zealand (Provost, 2013).
Risk reduction can be broken down into five areas: Pre-border, border, surveillance, response readiness and eradication, containment and long-term management. According to an article by Wotton & Hewitt (2004) the most effective management strategy for reducing the biosecurity risk of introducing foreign organisms into a country is the management practices pre-border and at the border itself. Risks entering the border can come from imports, vessels, passengers, mail, air and sea.
The first level of risk reduction is pre-border and this is managed by international agreements, import risk analysis, import health standards, pest risk analysis and permits. At the border risk to biosecurity is managed by pathway risk analysis, clearance standards, detector dogs, mail inspection and passenger inspections (Biosecurity New Zealand, 2009). Surveillance is the next level of risk reduction and is an essential part of biosecurity. This involves modelling and sampling, trapping, surveying and...

Find Another Essay On Introduction to Border Security

Homeland Security Chapter 9-10 Essay

1081 words - 5 pages organizations from the cash flow they need to function. The Cyber Crimes Center combats Internet related crimes. The U.S VISTIT program provides visa posts, so those who visit the U.S can be properly validated. Chapter 9 dealt primarily with the wide and expansive Border Protection programs of the DHS. Chapter 10 Deals with one of the more important agencies following 9/11, and this agency is the TSA or (Transportation Security Administration

Improving Border Control Essay

2048 words - 8 pages Workforce - The first thing I would look to, with regard to increased border control, is the workforce and how it can be improved. This makes logical sense because they are the ones who are there patrolling the areas where the Mexican drugs are getting through at high rates. One pillar of the US Merida Initiative of 2007 was to fortify the southern border (Lee) and Janet Napolitano, former Homeland Security Secretary, said that she wanted to

The Causes of Illegal Immigration in the US

1796 words - 7 pages government has opposed our restriction of the border because their working class far overflows the few low paying jobs offered in the country. Yet that should not effect our policies, we need to curb the illegal immigration as soon as possible, and soon is still far overdue. If it means spending billions on creating watch towers and higher security fences along our border, the fiscal effects will be beneficial in the long run. But our government

To Fence or Not To Fence

875 words - 4 pages is “Can fences along the border impede the flow of hordes of aliens who cross the border illegally daily?” Take a look at the 14 mile double layer border fence in San Diego, since its inception in 1989 to present it has led to a 97 percent decrease in arrests and a corresponding decrease in border crime . Another argument into why build a fence: Israel’s West Bank Security Fence. Daily terrorist attacks and suicide bombings against its

Adjusting to Terrorism

1777 words - 7 pages happens to be a terrorist group to strike the United States since World War 2 ("Attack, Images, And Graphics", 2001).Administrative Changes the Author would Propose to Make in a Criminal Justice Agency in an Effort to Combat Terrorism more Effectively.The 9-11 Commission and the federal agencies made great strides in the changes made to their agencies to combat terrorism including creating another wasted department called Homeland Security. One of

The Effects of September 11 on the Canadian Economy.

1013 words - 4 pages billion for security, including air security and Canada's military; plus more than $1.2 billion for initiatives designed to make Canada's border more secure and efficient.Budget 2001: Security funding(over five years)($ billions)Intelligence and policing 1.6Screening entrants to Canada 1.0Emergency preparedness and support for the military 1.6A new approach to air security 2.2Subtotal 6.5A secure, open and efficient border 1.2Total 7.7Security

A New Framework for Counterterrorism

1575 words - 6 pages agencies that I believe are essential and vital in counterterrorism: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), and Department of Defense (DOD). These agencies are the core to a new counterterrorism and intelligence effort and is coordinated through the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). While keeping within the legal framework of the agencies in place, I look to improve

Research Assingment

985 words - 4 pages This research assignment is on Australia’s maritime border security and how it will continue to weaken if they continue to be so lax with monitoring what goes into and out of Australia. Due to unauthorized ships going into Australia and the latest two people getting charged with importing illegal firearms into Australia. Australia’s security was put into question about how equipped they are in the case of a terrorist attack, Although

Illegal Immigration In The United States

1221 words - 5 pages U.S. Illegal immigration is a major threat to the country’s homeland security policies however some states are threatened by it more than others. Therefore, the immigration problem facing Florida and the rest of this Nation exposes pressing issues of border control, security issues, and economic stability. The country’s state borders are a passageway into the Nation. The insufficiency of security causes the country to become defenseless to

Border Fence, Made To Fail? - Opinion essay. For or against Bush's Border Fence Act of 2006.

1182 words - 5 pages one another.Yes, securing America's borders is the first step to any serious immigration reform plan; however, the U.S. is going about it in the wrong way. A Texas Senator, John Cornyn said "he voted for the fence because he wanted to help demonstrate that congress is serious about border security" (Riechmann). This ridiculous quote by Cornyn illustrates exactly how some politicians view big issues presented to them in congress. Just by knowing

An Analysis of the Market Structure of the Tourist Parking Lots in Nogales, Arizona

2136 words - 9 pages An Analysis of the Market Structure of the Tourist Parking Lots in Nogales, Arizona Introduction This paper focuses on the market for daily parking in a one mile radius of the Nogales, Arizona/Nogales, Mexico border. Traveling to a foreign country often requires numerous preparations, and months of planning; paying and waiting for a passport, booking a hotel, and airfare. Yet for the average United States citizen, the proximity to Mexico

Similar Essays

Biometrics Introduction To Information Systems Security

622 words - 2 pages proliferation of mobile devices with fingerprint readers. No technology is failed safe. Biometrics is continuing to be developed. Multiple technologies carry the benefit of preventing security gaps and leaks. Biometric devices are getting smaller, accurate and more sophisticated. Multimodal applications are being developed to assist in identification and verification (Philips, 2002).Biometrics can provide security at ports and access points. They can help

Border Patrol Career Report

1636 words - 7 pages Rory MartinovicBrian AdamsPolitical Science 102Research PaperNovember 19, 2003Border Patrol/Border SecurityBorder security is both simple and complex issue at the same time. Border security is the job of the Border Patrol, the task of the Border Patrol is to, "To detect and prevent the illegal entry of aliens into the United States. Together with other law enforcement officers, the Border Patrol helps maintain borders that work - facilitating

Increased Canada Us Border Inspections And Their Affect On The Economy.

993 words - 4 pages affected as small businesses, larger companies are feeling the pinch of increased border inspections. The auto industry in particular is suffering from the consequences of tighter border security. Many of the big US car companies operate on a just-in-time inventory system. The just-in-time system is self-explanatory, inventory is ordered so it can arrive just in time to complete the order. Therefore, car plants in the US depend on timely delivery of

The Effects Of 9/11 Essay

1562 words - 6 pages , the investigative results from 9/11 terrorist acts put in evidence significant weaknesses in terms of border security and migration. Precisely, the aim of the current paper is to evaluate the most notable effects that the 9/11 terrorist attacks generated in terms of border security and migration policies in the US. Those effects can be illustrated by first, the origin of new governmental security architecture, second, the implementation of more