Introduction To British Politics Essay

837 words - 4 pages

Britain is a liberal, parliamentary and stable democracy, where its dynamic society conditions the agenda of politics. The fusion/separation, or lack thereof, of powers is complicated, but essentially includes the Executive and Elected Legislature, Appointed Legislature, the Judiciary and the Crown. The largest party forms the executive government, whose primary role is to run government and present laws, and overall represents the will of the majority. The House of Commons is elected to reflect the will of the people, and create, criticize and approve laws. The appointed legislature is the House of Lords, and they constitute the unwritten constitution, acting as an extra safety measure, ...view middle of the document...

(Lamprinakou 2014) In the United Kingdom, the Westminster model is admired, as is the British political system overall, and known to be superior to other leading countries in the world. With the fusion of powers and single party cabinet, the Westminster model provides security and accountability, improving the odds of campaign promises being carried out and achieved. Another advantage, although only to the supporters, is that the model encourages strong parties, and only two parties: Conservative and Labour. With this in mind, strong parties are considered to have an advantage with power in numbers. “Thus, Westminster model systems, by encouraging the development of strong parties, encourage the institutions best suited to mass democracy.” (Wilson 1994) With an uncodified constitution, the government is unitary and centralized in Parliament. Also, with an unwritten constitution, there seems to be more flexibility in the means of amending the constitution. The government is able to make quick, coherent policy changes, which was particularly helpful under the influence of John Keynes’s economic approaches, and quickly adopted by other countries too. Wilson (1994) contrasted John F. Kennedy’s battle with US Congress to cut taxes in the 1960s to stimulate the economy with the much better British government with “the capacity of a British chancellor of the exchequer to vary taxes almost immediately.” Great Britain was able to propel the same strategies for the fiscal stimulus in the recession of 2008, under British Prime Minister Gordon Brown and Chancellor Alistair Darling. After the United Kingdom, many other counties followed and...

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