Introduction To Criminology Essay

991 words - 4 pages

The present condition in this world has been worse and worse in the perspective of crimes. One of them is drug crime, which is closer to our daily life. It is said that the number of exposure of drugs has increased year after year. Drug can be said the crime with international scale, that is, the cooperate crime.This essay is composed of three sections, starting from the place of origin of drug and crop eradication, followed by the method of transportation, and finished by markets and their policy. A critical analysis of drug trafficking will be offered, mainly focused on trafficking itself and the problems and policies which governments have along on each stage of trafficking.The place of ...view middle of the document...

These situations will bear problematic dependence on international relationships, and political and economic corruptions. However, in spite of the fact drug production has been increasing, Reuter (2001) has more optimistic view. He estimates their policies, such as crop eradication, have been successful. Actually some areas in South America show decrease of drug production as a result of their policies. Nevertheless, there remain a number of weaknesses to the argument because these are just estimation (p.147).The methods of transportation complicity by police After drugs are produced by farmers, they are passed to traffickers.Generally speaking, the ways of trafficking vary from location to location. One example is followed: the cases of transportation of cocaine from the Guajala peninsular in Colombia and from Venezuela. Philip Bean define that there are four main types of transportation." 1 In containers where the drugs are sent direct to selected ports. " 2 By air drops to selected Caribbean locations.3 By sea to selected Caribbean locations.4 By small-time couriers. (p.150) At an early stage, traffickers tended to choose containers. Actually, it is safe and successful way because it can not be, or at least make it hard to be, followed by police. However, the total amount of drugs is limited. When they want to carry large amount of drugs, they use illegal air mail or sea mail. The shortage of air drops is easy to be caught by US radar, whilst sea mails are quite difficult to detect. Unlike other purposes, local couriers are used for the purpose of testing new routes. Tourists are sometimes are involved without knowing it (p.151).A problem here is corrupt police and workers at ports. Even though trafficking is sometimes witnessed or able to be predicted by the local police or the people concerned, there is a possibility that they are accomplices.Destination...

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