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Introduction To Ethical Theories Essay

1366 words - 6 pages


Ethics is the study of how people should live. people have different views and beliefs of how they're supposed to live their life. people from all over the world have different ethical beliefs and different ways to determine which beliefs are right and which are wrong. when you visit a different country, you notice things they are doing and those things might seem wrong to you and you would never consider doing what they have just done but in their society its normal and everyone does it. inside the margins of this paper I am going to analyze the top three models used to determine a morally significant being based on the criteria in your book. I will first define a moral agent and a morally significant being then take you through the steps to deciding what a significant being is and which criteria you would use for each.

Moral agents are beings that have a full advantage in their society. They are able to create ideas, formulate an action and decipher the differences between right and wrong as well as execute them in a human language all the while, understanding the circumstances associated with their decision making process. We can relate this to ethics because moral agents make decisions determining what has value, what is important, and what has worth to our society. They determine the significance of other beings by careful consideration of the way our society behaves, what is expected from our culture and what our society believes is the correct way to live. Morally significant beings are beings whose interests are taken into consideration by moral agents who are trying to act ethically. Babies are considered morally significant because although they cannot yet make decisions for themselves, the presence of the baby brings happiness to those who care about it and therefore, the baby is valued. This can be related to ethics because they deal with the interest of the being. Any being that produces happiness or unhappiness to anyone involved is considered a morally significant being. Things that are morally significant should get equal consideration because it shows us how to treat others ethically. Moral agents relate to morally significant beings because the moral agents choose who counts and who doesn’t as a morally significant being. All moral agents are morally significant beings because their desires are always taken into consideration before anyone else's. Not all morally significant beings are moral agents because not all morally significant beings can formulate an action and realize the action they have decided upon could have consequences like a moral agent can.
Knowing the criteria for being considered a morally significant being is necessary when you already know the definition of a morally significant being because people from different societies have different views of who and what matter to their society. There are three different criteria options that help explain what a morally significant being could entail depending...

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