Introduction to Personality
Personality has been part of debate amongst theorists for decades. Many theories have been developed about what human personality is and how it develops. Even after so many years of research and studies, no one definition has been agreed by all theorists. This paper will briefly talk about different aspects of personality and what influence in the development of personality.
A person's personality is made up with his or her interests, attitude, behavioral patterns, social role, emotional responses and other traits that continue throughout a long period of time. Psychologists from different parts of the world defined personality in variety of ways. However, personality theorists have not agreed on a single definition. Indeed, they evolved unique and vital theories because they lacked agreement as to the nature of humanity, and because each saw personality from an individual reference point (Feist, J., & Feist, G. (2009). Many have drawn on their experiences as psychotherapists and others relied more on empirical research to gather data on human personality (Feist, J., & Feist, G. (2009). Even though they have all dealt in some way with what is call personality, each has approached this global concept from a different perspective. Some psychologists have tried to create a wide-ranging of theories and have only dealt with only a few aspects of personality. All theorists have had a view on what is personality but no single definition has been established by all theorists. However, personality is known as a pattern of moderately permanent traits and unique characteristics that give both consistency and individuality to a person’s behavior (Feist, J., & Feist, G. (2009).Traits contribute to individual differences in behavior, consistency of behavior over time, and stability of behavior across situations. Traits may be unique, common to some group, or shared by the entire species, but their pattern is different for every individual. Thus each person, though like others in some ways, has a unique personality. Characteristics are unique qualities of an individual that include such attributes as temperament, physique, and intelligence (Feist, J., & Feist, G., 2009).
Many theoretical approaches have been taken by theorists in the study of personality. Among the many contributors who developed theories about personality was the German psychologist Sigmund Freud. He was the founder of psychoanalytic theory. Many found Freud’s theory to be shocking and controversial. However, his work was a great influence in the development of sociology, psychology, art and literature. The term psychoanalysis is used to refer to many aspects of Freud’s work and research, including Freudian therapy and the research methodology he used to develop his theories. Freud relied heavily on his observations and case studies of his patients when he formed his theory of personality...