This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Introduction To Political Science Essay

1930 words - 8 pages

What is scientific research methodology? Include hypothesis building (formulate your own hypothesis), operationalization of concepts, independent and dependent variables, causation and correlation and developing scientific theories.: A scientific research methodology is a procedure for investigating phenomenon, collecting information, and revising or integrating old knowledge. In simple words, it's gaining new knowledge and coming up with new scientific theories through verifying or falsifying hypothesis in scientific manner. In order for a scientific research methodology to gain "scientific" aspects, the methods of inquiries must be empirical and measurable evidence. When we say, scientific research methodology, it can be separated into two distinct aspects which are "positivism" and "analysism". In positivism, scientific research are done through deductive methods while in analytic method, scientific research are done through inductive methods; moreover, positivism does not allow subjective interpretation, while analytic method allows various different interpretations and takes into account the effects of environment. In this sense, we are talking about "analytic" scientific research methodology that we are trying to gain knowledge and scientific theory through observing and interpreting a collection of data. According to Albert Einstein, science is a "naming system" which means that science is a mechanism which tries to name and make theories about phenomenon around human lives. In this way, scientific research methodology can be called as a way to name and theorize phenomenons through verifying or falsifying "epistemological assumptions" based on "epistemological empiricism." Epistemology is a branch of philosophy which tries to obtain the essence of truth. To sum up, the scientific research methodology (in analytic method) refers to a method in which uses empiricism to come up with scientific theory by observing/naming the phenomenon and verifying/falsifying the hypothesis through collection of data. Now, let's have a look at how its done, the process. Formulation of hypothesis would be the first and the key concept in scientific research methodology. A hypothesis is a statement which talks about a relationship between two phenomenon. To explain, a hypothesis is a sentence which explains how X and Y are related or connected. If I have to formulate my own hypothesis, I can ask Is voting in South Korea related to income? Then, my hypothesis would be "In South Korea, income is related to / affects voting behavior." Then, this hypothesis is ready and set for verification through collection of empirical data; however, before that we need to clarify and define some of the operational definitions in the hypothesis. Operationalization of concepts means we need to clarify and specify some of the important concepts/ terms in the hypothesis in order to conduct precise collection of data. For example, in my hypothesis, the word income is very ambiguous...

Find Another Essay On Introduction to Political Science

The Sociology of Scientific Knowledge Essay

1200 words - 5 pages parallel (Latour 1999). The strong programme is in opposition of previous schools of sociologies of science which only applied sociology to false or failed theories when studying science. If a theory was determined false, it was usually explained by revealing the researcher had ties with political or economical special interest. The sociology behind successful theories was almost never questioned, as they were seen as being successful because of

Political Science: A Degree that Will Change Your Life and the World

1358 words - 6 pages is an instrument of insight. Political scientists help us to understand decisions and conditions set upon society by our government. Political scientists can be used as advisors, analyzers, researchers, and much more. They break down and explain the decisions made by our governments and predict what they're going to do next. I think political science is the greatest degree for a student who wants to make a difference politically. Political

Genetic Enhancement and Politics

1840 words - 7 pages political controversy over the past few years for its possible ramifications are extensive to all of human existence.   Finally, genetic reductionism is the tendency to "stigmatize, ostracize or eliminate individuals or groups not meeting a genetic norm" (Butler, 369). Reductionism is the biggest threat to genome research and is the most explosive of the three genetic science discussed (gene engineering, therapy, and reductionism). Certain

Introductory Sociology

9359 words - 37 pages , who in 1895 founded the American Journal of Sociology. The first European department of sociology was founded in 1895 at the University of Bordeaux by Émile Durkheim, founder of L'Année Sociologique (1896). The first sociology department to be established in the United Kingdom was at the London School of Economics and Political Science (home of the British Journal of Sociology) in 1904.In 1919 a sociology departme nt was established

Introductory Sociology

9359 words - 37 pages , who in 1895 founded the American Journal of Sociology. The first European department of sociology was founded in 1895 at the University of Bordeaux by Émile Durkheim, founder of L'Année Sociologique (1896). The first sociology department to be established in the United Kingdom was at the London School of Economics and Political Science (home of the British Journal of Sociology) in 1904.In 1919 a sociology departme nt was established

Media And Politics: Agenda Setting And Framing

841 words - 3 pages seek it, political information is available through alternative mediated sources which are less slanted, bias, and superficial. Bibliography Ginsberg, B., Lowi, T. J., & Weir, M. (1999). The media. We the people: An introduction to American politics. (pp. 274-311). New York: W. W. Norton & co, Inc. Stuckey, M. E. (2000, Spring). Here we go again: Presidential elections and the national media. Perspectives on Political Science, 29

Critical Reflection Essay

1340 words - 5 pages Canadian without ?attending? to Quebec. Brodie also makes this error in the introduction of her article by only using the English-speaking feminists as representing all of feminism in Canada. This goes back to Vickers methodological criterion as explained in Arscott & Tremblay. To understand and assess feminism in order to make it part of political science, it must be studied in full. Feminism could learn much from the ?two solitudes? in

The Search for a True Scientist in Big Science

3569 words - 14 pages alive today than ever in history leading to a rate of "productivity" which is unprecedented. Science has become a multibillion-dollar "commerce"; a leap from what was once merely an intellectual exercise.In the past the scientific community was in essence a self-contained and self run body. The decisions had been relatively decentralized since the leadership for each discipline largely controlled its own funds. The introduction of "Big Science

Global Political Economy Since 1945

2495 words - 10 pages Political economy can be appreciated and encouraged. The subject matter of economics is related with the structures and methods, which states that economy avoids all waste and extravagance and it defines the strategies, which can help to apply the money to the best advantage. The study and understanding of the economics helps an individual to use his brain and inculcates a habit of maximizing the money properly and effectively. Since the introduction

The Effects of Public News on Political Knowledge

2224 words - 9 pages literature is divided, the findings indicate that both the use of broadsheet newspapers and television news are positively related to political knowledge. The public broadcasting service leads to higher level of political knowledge in comparison with the commercial one. Key words: Television use; newspaper use; public broadcasting service; political knowledge. Introduction According to Jerit, Barabas and Bolsen (2006), “in a democracy

Political Participation

972 words - 4 pages pressure to our government. Reference Books Jacobsohn, John A. An Introduction to Political Science. Belmont, CA: West / Wadsworth, 1998. Print. Ethridge, Marcus E., and Howard Handelman. Politics in a Changing World: A Comparative Introduction to Political Science. New York: St. Martin's, 1994. Print. Online material "2012 Lego Election - Voter Turnout Rate." 2012 LegCo Election - Voter Turnout Rate. Hong Kong Legislative Council, Sept. 2012

Similar Essays

Jail Overcrowding, How To Fix It And Why Crc Political Science Research Paper

3754 words - 16 pages Today taxpayers, inmates, and employees of prisons all suffer from one big huge issue that will continue to impact society if not properly addressed. In 2015 America, the average annual cost to house a single inmate was around $31,076, where New York puts the maximum cap averaging annually $60,076 per inmate. This results in taxpayers giving around $40 billion annually to house prisoners. With the continuing rise of inmates, the rise of costs

Is International Relations A Science? Essay

1430 words - 6 pages Introduction There is an alarming difference on how science and political science affect those looking for answers through these disciplines. When a new theory or explanation emerges in the scientific community, most are quick to say, “science has proven...” However, when political scientists arrive at a new conclusion, or when an existing “fact” turns out to be false, and a new paradigm comes along in the political science arena, most people

Approaches In Pol Sci Essay

1464 words - 6 pages | Scandinavian Political Studies. Retrieved December 09, 2013, from Chaurasia, R. (2003). History of Political Science. New Delhi: Atlatic Publisher. Riemer, N. (1997). The New World of Politics: An Introduction to Political Science. Rowman & Littlefield.

Behaviouralism Simplified Essay

703 words - 3 pages Johari3 Analyzing Politics: An introduction to Political Science (p. 17)By: Ellen Grigsby4 The Development of American Political Science: From Burgess to Behaviouralism (p.176-180)By: Albert Somit; Joseph Tanenhaus]It specifies as the unit of object of both the theoretical and empirical analysis the behavior of persons and social groups rather than events, structures, institutions, or ideologies.It seeks to place theory and research in a frame of