Grenada is an island nation in Southern east Caribbean region with small population. This nation gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1974. Since then, Sir Eric Gairy became the leader of the country. During his term in office, there still was a civil strife prime minister of Grenada and strengthened the connection with the communist nations, such as in the country. An organization, organized by the New Jewel Movement, was formed to protest against the government. In the late 1970s, the organization started to plan to overthrow the government. On March 13, 1979, the NJM led by Pro-Marxist Bishop, Maurice Bishop overthrew the government and established the People’s Revolutionary Government (Yi). He was placed as the new Cuba and the Soviet Union.
The main cause of the U.S invasion of Grenada was due to the Cold war, which was the bloodless war between capitalism and communism. When Prime Minister Maurice Bishop was in office, he allowed Cuba to gain communist influence in Grenada, specifically by constructing airports with thousands of Cuban engineers. President of the United States, Ronald Reagon, viewed such actions as a huge threat to his nation because the airports can be used as military bases. Furthermore, the former Deputy Prime Minister, Bernard Coard used violence with hard-line Marxism and seized power. The neighboring Caribbean nations were deeply concerned about his actions might affect their countries. Moreover, more than 1,000 American medical students were in Grenada, and it led to America’s concern as well (Lee).
On October 25, 1983, the U.S troops invaded Grenada in the morning. President Reagon called the plan “Operation Urgent Fury.” The main goal of the plan was to change the government form in Grenada and rescue American students. This invasion was the first major attack since the Vietnam War, which meant that most of the soldiers were volunteered people, not from selective services. The U.S army was supported by other Caribbean nations, such as Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Barbados, and Dominica. On the other hand, Grenada was supported by Cuba, Soviet Union, North Korea, and East Germany. The U.S troops had 7,000 soldiers while Grenadian only had 1,500 (Clarke).
Outnumbered troops, strong military strategies, Special Forces, and advanced technologies and weapons allowed the U.S troops to successfully invade the region without much challenges. The only difficulty during the war was that U.S troops suffered from lack of intelligence data. They were unfamiliar with the geography, and the maps did not show the topography of the regions. On December 25, 1983, the operation was ended. It only took less than two months with minimal U.S casualties. Only 19 soldiers were killed, but fair amount...