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Investigación De Operaciones Essay

832 words - 3 pages

MODELO DE OPTIMIZACION DE RETRAZOS AÉREOSDaniel Fernando Ardila GalvisMaira Alexandra Carrillo RamírezMaría Fernanda Suárez AlonsoInvestigación de Operaciones I, Facultad de IngenieríaCorporación Universitaria Minuto de DiosBogotá, Colombia__________________________________________________________________ResumenEste trabajo conceptualiza o representa los retrasos aéreos que día a día constituyen uno de los principales temores de los viajeros. El proceso que precede al despegue del avión es complejo y un pequeño improvisto, puede ocasionar grandes irregularidades. Por ejemplo, unas condiciones climáticas adversas o incidencias propias de la aerolínea (como en la gestión de pasajeros y equipaje), puede llevar a que el avión pueda perder su permiso de despegue y aterrizaje, lo que puede provocar demoras de varias horas, hasta que se logre suplir esa falta.El presente artículo pretende mostrar, mediante un modelamiento lineal, que estos incidentes se pueden reducir teniendo una buena organización, logística y manejo de tiempos.Finalmente, se intenta demostrar que muchas de las excusas formuladas por las aerolíneas para retrasar o cancelar un vuelo, no son verídicas, y como anteriormente se menciona, se pueden evitar, ya que el control que se lleva no es el adecuado.Palabras claves: Asignación, transporte, planeación.IntroducciónDurante los últimos años, entre las noticias ha aparecido un problema latente, pero que hasta ahora está en su furor: Retrasos y cancelación de vuelos. Aerolíneas reconocidas como Avianca, se han visto envueltas en grandes problemas por inconvenientes que, según ellos, atribuyen al clima y a Pilotos que alcanzan sus horas límite de vuelo. A pesar de que Ministros de Colombia se pronuncien al respecto, y pidan que se tomen acciones para prestar la debida atención a los usuarios, tal parece que no se pueden generar grandes cambios sin una reorganización de la parte interna de las aerolíneas.Según fuentes de la aerolínea, en un día Avianca tiene cerca de 380 vuelos, "más del 60 % de la operación aérea de El Dorado". En ese sentido, la compañía insiste en que el factor que más perjudica la prestación del servicio es la "Operación Reglamento", liderada por los controladores aéreos."El tiempo de espera para la orden del despegue de un avión, más el tiempo de vuelo, supera el tiempo de vuelo de la tripulación".Las aerolíneas, han tratado de apaciguar a sus pasajeros a través de una serie de excusas como:1. "Problemas técnicos del avión": Las aerolíneas están obligadas a mantener a sus aviones en perfecto estado para volar.2. "Mal clima": El tiempo...

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