Investigating Factors that Affect Tourism Flows on a General Basis
There are a number of factors, which affect the amount of tourists
visiting a country either for a holiday or as a business trip. These
factors can be to a tourist's advantage but the majority of the time
they will put the tourist off travelling to a destination.
Each of these factors can either be Political, Physical, Economic or
Physical may be one of the most common factors that would affect the
tourism flows to a destination. Climate is a prime motivation for mass
leisure travel. Travel for business purposes, and to some extent,
travel in order to visit friends and relatives is less affected by
A key element in leisure travel demand is the degree of comfort to be
experienced at the traveller's destination, such as humidity and
precipitation. If a traveller is not happy with the weather at the
destination it will tend to ruin their holiday.
The weather is a huge importance in much of the travel that takes
place from Northern Europe to the Mediterranean and from North America
to the Caribbean; the intrinsic reason for travel is to visit a sunny
beach destination. The climate is a far less significant influence on
travel from North America to Europe; there is a far higher proportion
of business travel within this flow. The Caribbean is a very popular
destination during the UK's winter months because of the hot climate,
and people from the colder regions of Northern Europe travel to the
Mediterranean because it is hotter; this amounted to around 116
million arrivals in 2000.
Because of the importance of weather and environment to leisure
demand, tourism is one of the sectors most likely to be affected by
Cultural attractions are another main reason for tourists to visit a
destination; a lot of the time tourists visit a destination to see its
culture rather than its weather. Traditional rituals and events, folk
handicrafts, music and dance, religious ceremonies or sporting
contests all are capable off attracting tourists and form an element
in their experience of the destination. It is important to remember
that culture is not static, it is dynamic and adaptive, and a vibrant
society will constantly re- create and reconstruct its cultural basis.
Many communities are actively constructing and promoting
representations of their culture to attract the visitor.
Some tourists may be put off by a certain culture or the countries
moral and social values. Sometimes it is hard for a tourist to relax
within a countries lifestyle, for example an Arab culture is a
difficult society to relate to, being with the way they dress, live
and eat. Some Arabs can be judgemental about the tourists that visit
their country because they may not be adapting to the way they...