This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Investigating The Reasons For The Original Location Of The Iron And Steel Industry In South Wales

2632 words - 11 pages

Investigating The Reasons for the Original Location of the Iron and Steel Industry in South Wales

Since it was first established in the 18th and 19th century, the iron
and steel industry has changed its location in South Wales. The
earlier location of this industry in the area was along the northern
edge of the South Wales coalfield where there were readily obtainable
supplies of the raw materials required for iron and steel production.
These are coking coal and blackband iron ore, which were both easily
available from the valley floors and sides of the Welsh mountains and
were often found within close proximity of each other, meaning the
area was very suitable for industrial development. Also, limestone
was required, which could be easily obtained from only a few
kilometres north of the site. For this reason a line of steel towns
grew up in the valleys of this area, where the coal could be extracted
from under the valley floors and transportation of limestone was much
easier. These included Dowlais, Merthyr Tydfil and Ebbw Vale. By the
1860’s there were over 35 iron and steel works operating in the Welsh
valleys. These industries produced a large amount of steel, which
could then be transported overland to ports on the South Wales coast,
where it was exported to an expanding overseas market.

However, towards the end of the 18th century the large volume of iron
ore that was previously available in the area, began to run out. In
order to keep up production, the northern steel towns were forced to
rely upon iron ore imported from elsewhere by sea to the South Wales
coast. The transportation of this bulky, heavy raw material was not
only difficult, due to the long, uphill route, but also very
expensive, and this cost began to kill the industry in the northern
steel towns.

For this reason, by the end of the 18th century, many of the iron and
steel industries had moved locations to the South Wales coast.
Because of the huge reliance upon the importing of iron ore from
abroad, this was the most economically viable location for the
manufacturing industries. As well as the close proximity to the point
where the iron ore arrived, the location also possessed plentiful flat
land for the easy construction of integrated steel works, easy
transportation of coal downhill to the coast from the South Wales
coalfield and plentiful water required for the cooling process in the
steel works. The deepwater ports along the coast were also
beneficial, as they were needed for the bulk carriers, which were used
for the carrying of the iron ore. Therefore steel works developed in
towns such as Port Talbot and Llanwern.

What Evidence could be used to show that Manufacturing Decline has
Taken Place in the Area?


Find Another Essay On Investigating The Reasons for the Original Location of the Iron and Steel Industry in South Wales

Essay investigating the reasons for homelessness in America

1100 words - 4 pages Homelessness in AmericaJesus said, "Come unto me all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest" (Matthew 11:28). What could be more burdensome and heavy-laden than to be homeless in as rich a society as the United States? As we look into the issue of homelessness, we believe that there are three social factors that contribute to this predicament: economics, racism, and reasons stemming from abuse. Homelessness is not in all

The Reasons for the Changes to the Original Helmshore Mill

2233 words - 9 pages The Reasons for the Changes to the Original Helmshore Mill The first change to the original site was the building of Higher Mill in 1789. This was a woollen fulling and finishing mill built by the Turner family. They built the mill here because there wasn't another fulling mill in the area, the nearest was Rochdale, so there was a healthy market for their services. They chose this particular site however because it had

The Art Gallery of New South Wales: A Virtual Experience

1916 words - 8 pages setting isolated from exterior meanings, ‘the white cube’ *(article). Essential to his theory is the relationship between content and context of an artwork, where limitations of ‘the white cube’ model excludes context. With extensive virtual visual and textual features, websites like the Art Gallery of New South Wales (AGNSW) website can provide auxiliary insights into the art displayed in the gallery. The threat of these simulating and replacing

Production of Iron and Steel

1056 words - 4 pages Production of Iron and Steel In this project I have researched on the production of Iron and Steel. I will be looking in detail at how both are made, what they are made out of and other facts about the two metals. During iron making, iron ore, coke, heated air and limestone or other fluxes are fed into a blast furnace. The heated air causes the coke combustion, which provides the heat and carbon sources for iron

A Brief Analysis of The Steel Industry

1511 words - 6 pages the steel industry. Next, it will examine steel, and in the impact it had on the transportation industry. Finally, it will discuss systematic management practices of this time and how they gave birth to the scientific approach that is still in use today. Steel The steel industry was needed for almost everything. Alfred D Chandler Jr. could see the potential market value early on. According to Wren: Chandler traced the history of

ECO/360 Industry Overview (The Steel Industry)

4335 words - 17 pages China. Although the world's largest steel maker is China, matching the output of Russia, Republic of South Korea, Japan, and the United States combined, China is still does not possess a steel plant which is capable of handling the output required.The steel industry is flourishing in many ways. For example, when production capacity in the economy or in any particular industry is abundant, such as now, businesses have a hard time charging higher

The Location Of Landfills

1320 words - 5 pages , many of them are rapidly running out of room; half are expected to be filled past capacity by the year 2002. Without the immediate introduction of new means of dealing with our garbage there will be no doubt of not only an environmental crisis but also a human crisis. Legislation Specific requirements for the treatment, storage, and disposal of household and solid wastes usually vary considerably from one province to another. In April 1994 the

The Effect of the Iron Industry on Alabama’s Economy

1379 words - 6 pages after the war. Even though cotton was still the dominant export of Alabama, coal iron and steel were becoming an increasing source of income (Griffith, Alabama: A Documentary History to 1900). One of the reasons for this increase was the fact that three of the main ingredients used to make iron; coal, iron ore, and limestone, are found in abundance in north Alabama, according to a report made by John Gilmore, an experienced surveyor (Duncan

Corrosion Inhibitor for Steel and the Environment

2999 words - 12 pages 1. Introduction The use of acid solution during pickling and industrial cleaning leads to corrosive attack on mild steel[1]. Acid solutions are widely used for different applications in industries such as pickling, acid cleaning of boilers, descaling and oil well acidizing. Hydrochloric and sulfuric acids are the most common types of corrosive acids used in such industrial operations [2]. Organic compounds are usually used to protect metal


979 words - 4 pages As I look upon the annals of my life of 21 years, I see many thoughts,visions and ideas andevents of signifigance,some important,some superfluous and some profound.It is the latterim concerned with,for it is these events that characterize one`s personna, leaving a deepscar etched into the soul.The scar that gives me character is the Iron.To fully understand its impact,one must travel back in time a bit.A time before imet the Iron,a time not all

Location and Description of the Algonkian Indians

1220 words - 5 pages defeat the Mohawk (Iroquois) in a battle using French Firearms in 1610 - in exchange for the fur the Algonkians received steel weapons from the French which they used to drive the Mohawks far south of the St. Lawrence River - by 1614 the French shifted their interest on the fur trade from the Algonkins to the Hurons and the Algonkians were reduced to second partners, though they remained in business with the French - Algonkians after the Mohawks

Similar Essays

Impacts Of The Iron And Steel Industry In India

1028 words - 4 pages Government Policy The government has formulated policies that are favourable for steel manufacturers. However, there exists certain discrepancies in the allocation of land acquisitions and iron ore mines. In addition, the new entrants face a lot of regulatory clearances and other issues in the iron and steel industry. Indian steel industry has high custom tariffs and non-tariff barriers making its highly insulated. The competition in iron and steel

The Taxi Industry In New South Wales

746 words - 3 pages The Taxi Industry in New South Wales has been one that has involved very little competition within its market, allowing prices for its services to be quite high. Now, however with the advancing technology, the rise of App-based taxi or Ride Sharing services such as Uber threaten to provide substitutes to customers increasing competition in the Taxi Industry. The NSW Taxi Industry is somewhat run by the NSW Government (Abelson). There are three

Industries – Industries In The South Wales Valleys

507 words - 2 pages References:Used "Wider World" GCSE Geography Text Book by David WaughUntil the Mid Nineteen Century, South Wales were known for its natural beauty. Artist found the valleys an ideal place to paint, but not long, businessmen also found it an ideal place – but for industries. The industrial revolution converted the South Wales Valleys into the world’s factory of coal and iron ore. The raw materials on the valleys brought industries to

Industrial Case Study: The Production Of Iron And Steel An Analisis On Iron Production

1168 words - 5 pages elemental iron, the impurities must be removed by chemical reduction. Iron is also used in the production of steel. Steel is not an element but an alloy which is made up of different metals and some non-metals such as carbon.Iron is given the symbol Fe which is the short form for "Ferrum" the Latin word for iron. The nucleus of iron has the "highest binding energy per nucleon". This means that iron is the heaviest element that is produced