Investigative Analysis Of The Effectiveness Of Stalin's Industrial And Agricultural Strategies

2115 words - 8 pages

A. Plan of Investigationi.Subject of the InvestigationTo investigate and analyze the effectiveness of Stalin's industrial and agricultural strategiesii.Methods:a. Internet research for background on Stalin's leadership and views as wellas his rise to power. Most consulted and useful sites were The Thomson Gale Database and Hoover Digest: Documents from the Terrorb.Study of the history of USSR about a decade prior to Stalinc. Reading into the current opposing views of prominent historians over the success of Stalin's revolutionsd. Search and selection of comprehensive books by qualified authors detailing collectivization and Five Year Planse. Gathering of statistics, progress tables, propaganda, and other documents dealing with collectivization and Five Year PlansB. Summary of EvidenceMany historians continue to debate over the success of Stalin's regime of collectivization and attempts at industrialization through his five-year plans. Several Soviet sources depict Stalin's revolutions as great successes through evidence provided by the progress reports issued during the years of the Five Year Plans in comparison to the production rates before Stalin. Many historians, however, point out the immense bias of this Russian propaganda and hold up the fact that much of the success reported in the progress reports was due to underhanded ambushing and looting from competitors in the race to fulfill the target production rates. One of the extreme views of Stalin's revolutions is that his methods of collectivization and the exploitation of labor through his Five Year Plans were completely unnecessary. Historian Robert Tucker documents the views of western economist, Holland Hunter (1973), who used the researches of A. A. Barsov (1928-32), a Russian scholar, to justify his position that there were several better alternatives to Stalin's industrialization strategies, which would have resulted in much less devastation and deaths. Other historians present a wider opinion contending to both the achievements and failures of collectivization and the Five Year Plans. One such historian, Nick Gallop (2002) presents gathered Russian documents depicting the target charts during the heavy industrial production from 1927 through 1937 as well as propaganda, which reveals the opinion during that time of the Russian peasants towards Stalin's collectivization. In addition, the work of Robert Tucker (1990) reveals the failings and accomplishments under Stalin in comparison to before Stalin and concludes that his being in power brought more devastation than improvement. He points out that industrialization came with a heavy burden on the workers and peasants, who were killed or died by the thousands and whose labor was exploited. Another source from Robert H. McNeal (1988) shows the other side of the issue as he points to the underestimated political talents of Stalin who forced a backward Russia into the position of a world power.C. Evaluation of Sources:The two main sources...

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