Currently, there is a disparity in the availability of doctors between urban and rural areas of developing countries . Most experienced doctors are available in urban areas. People who live in urban areas may have more opportunities to receive better treatments. Rural hospitals have fewer resources and less funding than urban hospitals, so urban hospitals can purchase more advanced medical equipment for patients . With the advancement in communication and networking technologies, people who live in rural can access the internet to connect primitive rural healthcare centers to well advanced modern urban setups and thereby provide better consultation and diagnostic care to the needy people.
In recent years, portable electronics and wireless technologies have grown rapidly in medical networking. Wireless communication is always a fascination for the medical community through its ability to remove cables, which hinder patient mobility, from health monitoring equipment .Wireless communication technologies with low power electronics provide flexible monitoring. For example, cardiac patients can save on hospital bills if they could bring home a portable hand-held electrocardiogram (ECG) monitor. The data could be transferred to the hospital using wireless technology and Bluetooth wireless technology can be used to transfer ECG signals from a small device to a PC in the household which transmits the data through the internet to the hospital network . Thus, through telemedicine, the medical system breaks the geographic and time limitation; by using wireless technology, it builds a bridge between rural and urban district hospitals to share medical resources and experience.
Wireless IP Phones in Hospitals
Wireless IP phones help nurses, doctors and medical staff to work more efficiently and provide better care to patients. A wireless internet protocol (IP) phone is a mobile phone that connects to wireless networks and functions include voice, fax, text and voice messaging. Nurses need to communicate with many different people in hospitals: doctors, radiologists, physical therapists and patients. Agarwal claims as nurses’ responsibilities increase, they need to quickly reach the right people at the right time. Furthermore, she indicates to help nurses stay in touch, many healthcare facilities are developing nurse call systems which are providing location information in text format and nurses can see which location the call is coming from and it can help accurately to reach callers’ location without walking around to search . In addition, this system also includes texting capabilities on nurses’ phones. For example, “a call for a blanket or ice could be redirected to a nurse’s aide, while a call for pain medication would go to the Registered Nurse (RN) on duty .” Using wireless phones, hospitals become quieter and restful since wireless IP phones have a function that allows nurses to turn their phones to vibrate, making quieter...