Involvement Of Women In The Home Rule Through Easter Uprising

1442 words - 6 pages

The history of Ireland has always been a crucial phenomena in Anglo-Saxon culture and history. In this essay, I will focus on and examine a very short fragment of the process through which Ireland became an independent country. To get rid of the English supremacy, Irishmen and Irishwomen had to unite to join forces in the political and military struggle. That's why, from the late 19th century onwards, women's political movement became even more stronger which had reached its peak during the debate on the Home Rule Act and at the Easter Uprising. In this paper, I will introduce the major female characters of Irish Nationalism and discuss the role of Irishwomen in the conflict of 1916.DiscussionThe Home Rule ActThe first major conflict in the Irish society was induced by the debate on the Act of Home Rule. It began in 1870, it was the first official attempt of Irish politicians to clarify Ireland's position within the English dominion. Ireland was controlled directly from London, she had no official Irish Parliament in Ireland, she had a very limited judicial and administrative power, too. These were subordinated to English administrative offices. Ireland wanted an own Parliament, the right to self-govern and to decide in major principles. At least three different Home Rules had been introduced until 1912 to clarify these needs.The Conservatives of the Parliament in England constantly struggled with the Liberals. Home Rule Act was often vetoed by the House of Lords where Conservative majority ruled.In order to defeat the Conservatives, in 1912 the Liberals conspirated with the supporters of the Home Rule, the supporters of Irish nationalist pursuits. Through different procedures - where the Conservative majority of the House of Lords was decreased and the power of the House of Lords was reduced - the Home Rule Bill was accepted. Except for Ulster, Home Rule Bill made Irish content.During the debate on the Home Rule Bill, politically active women began to strenghten their voices. Different women's movements supported the Act of Home Rule. But women had no right to vote in this matter, they had not been given franchise on any elections. Those who were strong supporters of Irish efforts hallmarked by the Home Rule Act, had organised marches against the exclusion of women in the votes on the 1912 Home Rule. These marches, unfortunatelly, became riots in different cities of Ireland. The leader of these marches was Hanna Sheehy - Skeffington, who was among the first women fighting for women's franchise. She was also the member of the Socialist Party of Ireland and the co-founder of the Irish Women's Franchise League.In 1914, when the Home Rule had been accepted and signed - Countess Merkievicz was among the delegates on the Irish side. At that time, World War I had been going on in Europe. In order to keep the internal stability and safety, politicians had decided to suspend the introduction of the new law until the end of the war. This situation had...

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