This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Iodine Deficiency Diseases Essay

2981 words - 12 pages

Iodine deficiency diseases are a group of diseases that are or can be caused by the lack of iodine in the body. Iodine is a dark violet non-metallic element that belongs to a group of halogens but is less reactive than the other halogens. It has a boiling point of 13.5ºc and a melting point of 183ºc, when heated a violet vapor is given out. It can be extracted from seawater, seaweeds, and oil well brines. It is also concentrated in the thyroid gland as a part of the thyroid hormone. Iodine can be found in water more than it can be found on land this is because iodine cycling is very slow and incomplete in most regions so it takes a long time for the soil to regain the iodine (Michael Zimmermann & Creswell J. Eastman, 2009), which is washed out of the soil by processes such as leaching and ongoing erosion. So crops grown on such soil becomes iodine deficient. The iodine washed away usually ends up in seawater hence the high iodine (World Health organizations, 1995) areas and areas of frequent flooding, but can also occur in coastal regions (Michael Zimmermann & Creswell J. Eastman, 2009). Iodine is needed for growth and development even for the fetus. Lack of iodine is also known as an iodine deficiency and can cause abortion stillbirth, mental retardation, growth retardation and goiter. Human being needs a very small amount of iodine to prevent deficiencies (World Health organizations, 1995).
According to WHO’s book humans need only a 250 micrograms of iodine, which is just a quarter of a milligram (World Health organizations, 1995). This small amount is able to sustain humans and help them to have a healthy. The tables underneath show the recommended daily intake of iodine per day.

Table 1: World health organization’s recommended daily iodine intake (µg/day) for each population group (Michael Zimmermann & Creswell J. Eastman, 2009)
Population group Age World Health Organization
Infants 0–12 months 90
Children 1-8 years 120
Children 9-13 years 150
Adults Above 14 years 250
Pregnant women 250
Lactating women

Table 2 U.S institutes of medicine’s recommended daily iodine intake (µg/day) for each population group. (Michael Zimmermann & Creswell J. Eastman, 2009)
Population group Age U.S. Institute of Medicine
Infants 0–12 months 110-130
Children 1-8 years 90
Children 9-13 years 120
Adults Above 14 years 150
Pregnant women 220
Lactating women 290

In 1999, IDD was identified as a significant public health problem in 130 countries, and had affected 740 million people. The most affected regions, in decreasing order of magnitude, are Eastern Mediterranean, Africa, Europe, South-East Asia, Western Pacific, and the Americas. Although remarkable measurable progress has been achieved since then, about 16 million cretins and almost 50 million others are still affected by slighter degrees of IDD-related brain damage. One-third of the world’s population is estimated to be at risk of IDD.
(World Health Organization, 2000)
The body needs...

Find Another Essay On Iodine Deficiency Diseases

The Impact of Thyroid Hormone Essay

1299 words - 6 pages Hypothyroidism is resulted in thyroid hormone deficiency including iodine defincecy and primary thyroid disease. (2).Lack of iodine is the main cause of most thyroid diseases. Unadequate amounts of iodine prevents the thyroid from making proper amounts of T4 and T3. The symptoms for hypothyroidism include fatigue, weakness, hair loss, and even reproduction failure. In women, heavy Menstruation can also be a reason. Weight gain, dry skin

Selenium and Zinc within Human Thyroid Tissues

1025 words - 5 pages understanding of TSH-dependent of selenium, iodine and zinc in normal and altered human thyroid tissues that have been affected by thyroid conditions. In this experiment selenium and other minerals were measured in 72 patients with thyroid diseases or abnormalities (not under treatment) by taking a sample of both altered and normal tissues of the thyroid. The method used to collect data of the tissue samples was done by using instrumental neutron activation

Global sustainability

824 words - 3 pages do not know that, and if we can enlighten those in need, we can start reversing the death numbers and start increasing the number of years lived. Vitamin A, Iodine, Zinc, and iron are critical nutritional needs. These four substances can stop many problems in people. Vitamin A deficiency can cause blindness and poorly functioning immune system. Iodine deficiency can cause a failure in full intellectual potential. Zinc deficiency can cause immune

WHO--costa rica

1452 words - 6 pages companies to add micronutrients artificially in people's daily food. For example, from 1980s, China started to add iodine to salt, which successfully solved the problem of iodine deficiency and prevented its people from getting goiters. [7: "The Ministry of Health responded iodine overdose: iodine content will be lowered. "Universal iodine 15 years: iodized salt disease Supremacy _ Finance _ Phoenix. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2013. <http

Dessicated Thyroid versus Synthetic Therapies in the Treatment of Hypothyroidism

1710 words - 7 pages cause of hypothyroidism was due to iodine deficiency. Iodine deficiency stunts growth and causes the thyroid gland to become irregular, causing a goiter. Nowadays however, with iodized salt and iodine being added to water, hypothyroidism due to iodine deficiency is not seen as often anymore. The number one cause in the iodine sufficient world, is an autoimmune disease known as Hashimoto's thyroiditis. In Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, the body’s

Which Are the Health Consequences Associated With Unbalanced Diet?What Are Your Recommendations for the Promotion Of Healthy Dietary pattern?

2277 words - 9 pages and vegetables. The deficiency of such products leads to cardiovascular diseases, in cases of absence of dietary fibers comes the problem of the constipation because people neglect the importance of consuming cellulose (contained in the cereals and vegetables) and the consequence is the diverticular disease and an improper function of the large intestine which may cause even cancer. On the other hand, when the amount of carbohydrates consumed is

Hashimoto's Thyroid Disease

3050 words - 13 pages mom's family (other than my one aunt Becky) is showing signs of the disease yet, it is still in its early stages and hopefully through my research I can find some help at prolonging the diseases progress and maybe even help my sisters to never contract it.The thyroid gland is positioned at the front of your neck just underneath the Adam's apple, and is commonly described as being butterfly-shaped. Figure one is an example of where the thyroid gland

The Causes of Hyperthyroidism

1789 words - 7 pages . Geffner DL, Hershman JM (July 1992). "β-Adrenergic blockade for the treatment of hyperthyroidism". The American Journal of Medicine 93 (1): 61–8. 10. Andersson, Maria; Zimmermann, Michael B. (2010). Influence of Iodine Deficiency and Excess on Thyroid Function Tests 28. pp. 45–69 11. Vaidya B, Kendall-Taylor P, Pearce SHS. (2002). The Genetics of autoimmune Thyroid Disease 87(12):5385.

quality of life

1277 words - 6 pages people will share the income and average per capita income will increase. The increase in income can lead the family have better quality of life. Poverty is closely related to the health issues. The country which is poor normally will have many health related issues like malnutrition of the children, iodine deficiency, malaria and others related diseases. Therefore, poverty eradication is essential to help the country to overcome health issues

malnutrition in bangladesh

803 words - 3 pages access of the population throughout their life-cycle from infants to the child-bearing mother.[8 ] The impacts of the intervention are significant. Night blindness has reduced from 3.76% to 0.04% and iodine-deficiency among school-aged children has decreased from 42.5% to 33.8%.[8 ]Lastly to keep good health no money is needed. It can be achieved only through our efforts and proper health care. We can maintain good health only if we are aware of

How Diet Impacts Childhood Development

1065 words - 4 pages , nutrition is also imperative to cognitive growth. Fatty acids assist in proper brain function and aids in sustaining mental health. In the Vitamins and Trace article, it states, “Among the trace elements there are two that have been the subject of much research and are known to have a substantial influence on mental development. One is iodine, which is required for the production of thyroxine. Iodine deficiency during pregnancy can cause deficits in

Similar Essays

Human Iodine Consumption: Effects Of Iodine Deficiency And Measures Taken In Response

1318 words - 5 pages Iodine deficiency is regarded as being the greatest cause of preventable mental retardation and brain damage. Cretinism and common goitre are among Iodine deficiency diseases (IDD). Still births, prenatal and infant mortality and hypothyroidism are linked with iodine deficiency (Vitti et al, 2001). Globally steps have been taken to increase consumption of iodine by the World Health Organisation, International Council for Control of Iodine

Thyrod Hormone And Gland Essay

943 words - 4 pages , decreased negative feedback will develop an increase in thyroid-stimulating hormone, causing the thyroid to enlarge. Thyroid Disease Diseases within the thyroid gland can occur both by inadequate production or over production of thyroid hormones. Two diseases specifically are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism is resulted in thyroid hormone deficiency including Iodine deficiency and primary thyroid disease. Iodine deficiency

Diet Related Disease Report Goitre

1213 words - 5 pages gland, the thyroid gland enlarges. There are two classifications of Goitre:- • Endemic – caused when a whole community is implicated by dietary iodine insufficiencies. This may be caused by a depletion of iodine in the soils in which the harvest is grown, particularly in Tasmania and regions along the Great Dividing Range. Recent evidence also suggests a re-emergence of iodine deficiency in Melbourne, Sydney and other cities of the sort. Endemic

High Levels Essay

1018 words - 5 pages tertiary hypothyroidism. It has been known to increase the chance of stillbirth in unborn babies. However, it leads to complications in pregnant women. This is a common issue experienced by them across the world. Thyroid cancer is another type of thyroid disease. Thyroid cancer is more prevalent in countries that have little iodine in their diets. Iodine deficiency is not a problem in the US because it is available in table salt and foods being eaten