Public Health Care In Australia Essay

1700 words - 7 pages

Equal care is the fundamental objective of all health care systems. However, there are still inequities when it comes to medical and non-medical services, especially for those who are socioeconomically disadvantaged. Access and equity are the processes to ensure equal opportunity of resources in medical and non-medical services, removing barriers to providing a fair and consistent service irrespective of an individual’s background, socio-economical status, age and abilities. Consumer participation can be defined as the active involvement of health consumers in making decisions about their health care services, whether that is planning, service development, delivery methods or evaluations. There are three stages in which patrons are involved; individually, local and systematic. At each stage, the consumers hold the ability to improve health services, improve the result for the recipients, making services, specific for particular needs and improving health outcome overall. The most commonly adopted models incorporate varying degrees of involvement from employed consumer consultants. They may run support groups to share information and opinions about services, represent organization committees to engage in shared problem solving and may work as a peer supporter to help make decisions.

The Australian communities have excellent health in comparison to the world standards, through the paradigm of universality. Irrespective of the successes, there are always determining factors that will emerge as new challenges to the health care system. By responding to the challenges, health care professionals and programs run will be required to develop based on the existing achievement, regularly adjust to developing programs, explore new solutions and focus on the best practices. Despite these initiatives to improve services, the health needs of many Australians are still not adequately met.

With approximately 22.7 million people, only 1% of the continent contains 84% of the people, leaving the remaining people to be widespread across the regional, rural and remote areas. As the number of people and services shift from rural to metropolitan areas, Australia’s rural and remote community have poorer health than those located central to the metropolitan areas. It was evident through the decline in the community since 1911 with 43% of Australians living in rural areas to only 14% in 1976. The 1996 census showed a decrease again as a proportion of the total population (Salt, 2011). The widened gap has increased the life expectancy for metropolitan local government areas (LGAs) compared to that of the rural LGAs (Cresswell, 2008). Possibly due to the migration of the frail aged to some regional and rural areas (National Rural Health Alliance [NRHA], 2007). With the migration, more people are likely to die from heart diseases due to the lack in access to new technologies. (Rural Doctors Association of Australia, 2008). However, despite the technological...

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