Irak War Essay

3690 words - 15 pages

Courrier Baptiste le 27/06/132ème annéeAmerican Politics, Trade and Foreign PolicyWhat was the role of the ideological thought on the decisions of George W. Bush's administration to attack Iraq?Introduction« Wars of the 21st century and particularly Operation Iraqi Freedom, are wars of choice and not wars of necessity » wrote Dario Battistella, a French political scientist, in Peace and Wars in the 21st century (2011), like an echo to the work of Raymond Aron. He considers that the Iraqi War of 2003 couldn't be explained through causes that proceed from the international system and the repartition of power, but it is in the internal political machinery of the American State and more precisely in the circle of personalities revolving around Georges W. Bush that the decision making process must be analyzed as well as the perceptions and the personal beliefs of the American president: a realistic approach is, to a certain extent, pertinent, and particularly regarding economic interest but the realistic scope ignores the role of ideology and ideas (Morgenthau, 1948).The Second Iraq War began in March 2003 through a joint intervention of the USA and United-Kingdom to end in July 2011 with the withdrawal of the latest American troops. The reasons traditionally mentioned justifying the intervention are the links between the regime of Saddam Hussein with al-Qaeda and the potential presence of weapons of mass destruction. Some contextual elements must be pointed out; firstly, this intervention takes place after the First Gulf War also led by United-Kingdom and the USA under Georges H. W. Bush, which poses the stake of the inherited beliefs of Georges Bush Jr. But this intervention was an answer to the violation of Kuwait's border and within the framework of an authorization of the Security Council of the United Nations, an entity that "has not lived up to its responsibilities" (March 17, 2003) in 2003 according to Georges W. Bush, who makes (and not declares, an exclusive attribution of the Congress) war in violation of the international right and multilateralism. Secondly, the decision to intervene in Iraq came only two years before the September 11 attacks that symbolize the deconsecration of the American territory: the wounds are still lively, the emotion is deep and the honor ridiculed. So, we must emphasize the decision making process and the factors that have influence Bush's administration and analyze the influences games at the origin of the intervention. Our goal is obviously not to be exhaustive on a multidimensional complex issue, but five main questions must be asked in the development of our argumentation: what an ideological thought is? What were the political and philosophical features of this ideological thought? Was it homogeneous or the result of ambivalent doctrines? Who were the authors and the bearers of this ideological thought? How and to what extent did it influence the decision to make war against...

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