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Iran: A Policy To Eliminate The Nuclear Threat

1639 words - 7 pages

In recent years, it has become a growing concern of the global community that Iran’s nuclear aspirations are threatening rather than peaceful. Under the Nuclear Non- proliferation Treaty, Iran has agreed to abide by the three treaty pillars, which include “nuclear nonproliferation, disarmament, and the peaceful use of nuclear technology” ("Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty." n.d., para. 1). With evidence of efforts to enrich uranium as well as construct a reactor to produce weapons-grade plutonium for military purposes rather than building a nuclear power plant for the peaceful generation of electrical energy, Iran continues to defy the right of full inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency operating under this treaty.
Due to this ongoing threat and failure of compliance by Iran, a collaborative policy of imposing sanctions was adopted by United Nations Security Council; these sanctions are designed to strangle Iran’s economy in hopes of coercing Iran to cooperate. This goal of ensuring nonproliferation is important because it would affirm that Iran’s nuclear activity is for peaceful purposes only, while eliminating Iran as a nuclear threat. The policy states, “Iran’s full compliance with its international nuclear obligations would open the door to its receiving treatment as a non-nuclear-weapon state under the Nonproliferation Treaty and sanctions being lifted” ("Iran Sanctions." n.d., para 2). Under this policy, the United States followed its constitutional process to create the sanctions under its laws, written and approved by Congress. The United States claims that these sanctions “block the transfer of weapons and technology…to Iran’s prohibited nuclear and missile programs” as well as “target select sectors of the Iranian economy relevant to its proliferation activities” ("Iran Sanctions." n.d., para 2) It also claims that the sanctions will “induce Iran to engage constructively through discussions…to fulfill its nonproliferation obligations” ("Iran Sanctions." n.d., para 2). This policy appeared to be working; collectively, the United States among others in the United Nations Security Council agreed that sanctions were the primary strategy that would ultimately bring about change with Iran. The United States or any one country alone could not impose sanctions that would be necessarily detrimental to Iran’s economy. However, it was this united coalition among a band of countries under the United Nations Security Council that effectively impeded Iran through the harsh sanctions. If any one country broke the coalition, it would not be successful.
While it was rumored, the White House administration did not admit to secret negotiations with Iran until November of 2013; a concealed deal to alleviate the sanctions aimed at slowing Iran’s nuclear program had been underway for months between the Obama administration and Iran. The discussions were kept hidden, even from America’s closest allies and Congress. This is where the United...

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