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Iran, Israel And The Security Council On Nuclear Power

668 words - 3 pages

In the beginning of February 2014, the negotiations on the final deal of Iran’s nuclear program between Iran and P5+1 (the five permanent members of the Security Council – America, Britain, France, Russia and China – plus Germany) had begun (Blair, 2014). Iran has promised that it will temporarily stop the enrichment of nuclear plant during further six months, and six world powers, in turn, will lift the Iran’s sanctions (ibid). However, Israel does not believe in the purity of Iran’s promises, claiming that if the purposes were solely peaceful. Iran would not have needed centrifuges and reactors (Erlanger, 2014). The reason for such anxiety is that the collapse of the USSR and the subsequent end of the Cold War did not eliminate the fear of the nuclear power and the WMD (Weapons of Mass Destruction). Since new tensions between states develop and old ones reemerge, it has taken one of the central stages on the international agenda, as it poses a threat to the international security. Within the International Relations studies, the current situation has its own place since it envelopes several important concepts, such as security dilemma, which is one of the major tenets of structural realist theory and US hegemony (Mitzen 2006, 341).
Iran’s research increased the doubts of the international actors of the purpose of its program, not limited to such organizations as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the United Nations Security Council (Barzashka et al 2012, 1). They suspect that Iran is enhancing its nuclear weaponry capacity; nonetheless, Iran claims that the purpose of the program is to provide a country with another alternative of oil and gas (Takeyh 2003, 21). In addition to that, Iran had signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty, under which it has a right to “develop research, production and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes” (Non-Proliferation Treaty, Article IV).
Iran is located in the Middle East, which is very unstable region with ongoing military campaigns, and...

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