The Iranian Revolution
During the Cold War, the United States of America became concerned in the Soviet Union’s expansion into the middle east. As a result, the United States set its sights in influencing their democratic values in the nation of Iran. Working with the CIA, conservative Iranians found success in bringing the Shah Rezi Pahlava into power. However, his harsh and authoritative tactics sparked strong protests. In the upcoming years, Iran faced revolution as religious leaders gained popularity. As the Shah lost stability, discoveries were made about his close ties with America. The opposition ultimately led to protesters breaking into the U.S. Embassy and taking Americans hostage. As the crisis continued, the United States faced complications in hiding their involvement yet rescuing the hostages.
In 1951, the Mohammed Mosaddeq was appointed premier of Iran. Mossadegh's nationalist viewpoint drew attention from America.(History.com) The premier publicly expressed his disapproval in Britain’s ownership of oil fields. He would often state his desire to nationalize Iran’s wealthy resource. America soon became suspicious of his communist influence.The United States government decided to intervene by indirectly overthrowing the premier. With help from Britain’s Intelligence Agency, the American CIA worked with conservative Iranian leaders to push Shah Reza Pahlavi on the Iranian public.( History.com) With the threat of Communist expansion, the CIA used their influence to plan a Coup against Mosaddeq. On August 19, 1953,(Brinkley) protests financed by the American government officially brought the Shah into power. He essentially became the absolute ruler of Iran in little time. After the Shah’s rise to power, the Iranian government then responded to America’s help by giving 40 percent of Iran’s oil fields to U.S. corporations.( History.com)America’s close ties with the Shah would ultimately backfire as Iran’s leader gained massive amounts of opposition in the coming years.
Throughout Shah’s rule on Iran, he often was scrutinized for his modernization efforts.
During his reign, Iranians saw increasing reforms of Westernization. This is partially due to America’s government and military assistance. The Shah considered himself as a Persian King. He even went as far as changing the Iran’s Islamic Calendar to Iran’s persian calendar. Many citizens in Iran were displeased with his shift away from Islam in his government reform. He also took an authoritarian stance towards his leadership position. The Shah has been notorious in his use of the secret police. Known as SAVAK, Iran’s law enforcement was designed to silence any opposition towards the Shah. SAVAK was heavily feared for its brutal tactics and its nearly unlimited power. While the Shah was in control, power was passed around between his family and friends. The Iranian middle class has pointed out that his rule only benefited the wealthy. Even though the middle eastern country...