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Iraq Chemical Warfare Essay

935 words - 4 pages

Iraq’s research in chemical weapons began in the 1970’s; it wouldn’t be until the 1980’s that they would begin mass production of chemical agents; at this period of time Iraq needed a great deal of help from foreign suppliers and their imports (Al- Zaman, 2003; Gosden, 1998). Iraq would not become a visible target on the United Nations radar until 1982, when Iraq killed between 50-100 Iranian Soldiers with Nerve Agent; later more Iranian Soldiers would die due to the side effects of dehydration and heat stroke (Al- Zaman, 2003; Gosden, 1998). Let’s scan the surface of this topic and look at the meaning of Chemical Warfare before we dig into Iraq’s earlier period attacks. Merriam-Webster ...view middle of the document...

Some of the reported injuries to Iranian troops were, seriously injured, burned, and some of the Iranians had to be air lifted to European health care centers for treatment. It was estimated in July 1986 that Iraqi Chemical Warfare was accountable for approximately 10,000 fatalities (John Pike, 1998). Although some exact information is missing, human right organizations have been given credible accounts from Kurdish villagers about additional Iraqi chemical attacks against civilians from 1987 to 1988 (Cordseman, 2003).
In 1995, Saddam Hussein’s Son-In-Law, Hussein Kamal told inspectors about Iraq’s Biological Weapons Program and its location; Hussein Kamal also told inspectors that he had been leading this program since 1988 proving that Iraq had been dishonest to the United Nations about its chemical capabilities and the reduction of chemical agents (Garamon, 2003). Hussein Kamal had told the inspectors of a intense research and development agenda where his team would search for a variety of Biological Weapons including Ricin, anthrax, and perhaps smallpox (Garamone, 2003). Hussein Kamal also directed several industrial plants in Iraq where huge productions took place (Garmone, 2003). He then exposed the degree of the Iraqi’s agenda to “weaponize” the particular equipment and research for other distribution methods (Garmone, 2003). Although the inspectors found some of the buildings that were housing the Biological weapons Saddam Hussein continued to hold on to his word, standing fast to his promise that Iraq had no chemical or biological weapons. Saddam eventually made the inspectors leave the country in1998. Iraq attained 8,500 liters of anthrax after the inspectors were sent out of the country (Garmone, 2003).
The inspectors were under the suspicion that the Iraqi Government really had 15,000-24,000 liters of anthrax. The Iraqi’s then claimed they had 19,000 liters of botulinium...

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