Ireland Essay

855 words - 3 pages

Ireland

     Ireland is a small island first settled in early 6000BC. It’s located to the west of Europe close to Great Britain. Through history Ireland has had many different influences and has been occupied by different types of people.
     In the early years, the Celtic people known as Gaels settled Ireland. This was sometime between 600 and 150BC. Gaelic people had many small kingdoms that were separated yet they all shared the common language of Gaelic. The Brehons kept order throughout Ireland, these were men that kept peace and made sure common rules and laws were followed. This system of independent ruling worked longer in Ireland than in other parts of Europe because nobody tried to conquer Ireland therefore there was no outside influence. During the Medieval time period in Ireland came the development of Celtic Christianity, they introduced St. Patrick into their religion. The Tuath(150 small kingdoms in Ireland) still remained and continued to function without European influence. The dark ages of Europe were the golden ages of Ireland. During this time period Ireland sent St. Columba and St. Columban into Europe, many manuscripts and books were written and religious arts and artistic achievements took place. In 1014the Irish Tuath formed an alliance against the invading Vikings and won. Brian Boru who was a king of one of the Tuatha kingdoms led the alliance. In 1171 England began its conquest to establish a country that measured up to Roman standards. Ireland was than separated into English Ireland and Gaelic Ireland. Ireland was divided and along the western coast the people remained completely out of British rule.
     The British had a great influence on Ireland. They brought in new ideas, forms of religion, and a different government system. Unfortunately the British are also responsible for the separation and lack of unity in Ireland. They were also the cause of the division in religion between Protestants and Catholics. The British occupied much of Northern Ireland and where partially responsible for the wars in that area over religion and the separation of the Gaelic people from areas of Ireland. The British introduced the parliament in Northern Ireland and brought new European influences that the country had never had. The British had both a negative and positive affect when they inhabited Ireland.
     Religion is a major issue in Ireland. For years the Catholics and Protestants have been fighting. In the 1700’s other religions in Ireland were Scottish Presbyterian and the Puritan’s religion. Through the years the two main religions have remained Catholic and Protestant....

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