Irish Family: Exceptional Or Converging Essay

4069 words - 16 pages

IRISH FAMILY: EXCEPTIONAL OR CONVERGINGAbstractThe continuity and changes in Irish family as compare to other countries that is said to have convergence family pattern in their family continuity and changes overtime has generated a lot of controversies. Some commentators and researchers argue Irish family pattern is exceptional to the convergence pattern in the industrialized countries due to their portrayal as being patriarchal, stem-extended, large, strong, and stable family in most of the twentieth century, and the successive radical changes in Irish family pattern that started in the 1960s, why others argue that Irish family pattern has always been in conformity with the convergence family pattern that existed in other industrialized countries in the world. Contrary to the argument by some commentators and researchers that Irish family is exceptional to the convergence family pattern, I argue that Irish family pattern is not and has never been exceptional to Goode's convergence family pattern. The insufficient in-depth research and lack of representative research study by anthropologist, Arensberg and Kimball in 1930 on the one hand and the over exaggeration of the ultimate Irish family change on the other hand gave the erroneous intuition that Irish family is exceptional to the convergence family patternChapter 1: IntroductionFamily is a fundamental aspect of our lives. It teaches us rules, morals, and how to maintain a social behaviour, economic and psychological development. Additionally the family is the first and most influential setting of socialisation where parents are expected to teach children how to become well integrated members of the society. "The family remains an arena of intense personal and social significance not only are family matter of central concern in many people's lives but equally at a political level" (Scott, cited in Allan 1999 introduction, para.1).The presumed exceptionality in the Irish family pattern to the Goode convergence pattern was due to their distinct characteristics of stem extended strong and large family that was said to be adamant and slow to change due to the Catholic Church moral doctrines that greatly influence the state in certain legislations consider inimical to the catholic church's moral doctrines. However the late changes that occurred in the Irish family structure was argue as being too radical that they were regarded again by some commentators and researchers as being on the other extreme of the convergence family pattern that currently prevail in most of the industrialized countries. These two extreme cases overtime makes the changes and continuity in Irish family pattern ambiguous to the convergence family pattern in other industrialized countries. Families in Ireland for a long time were considered exceptional to the convergence pattern, which challenges Goode's evidence of the convergence in his book (Seward et al 2005, p.411).This essay will examine in details, base on available...


"Irish Gaelic: A Brief Linguistic Analysis"

1057 words - 4 pages Professor KuipersAnthropology 4Irish Gaelic: A Brief Linguistic AnalysisA member of the Goidelic group of Celtic Languages, Irish Gaelic shares many of the linguistic features of this family that make it distinct from other languages that share its Indo-European origins. Often just called Gaelic by people outside of Ireland, the Irish refer to the language as Irish Gaelic, or simply Irish to distinguish it from Scott and Manx which are also

Irish Immigrants In Early America Essay

1341 words - 5 pages basis for the significant Irish population and ethnicity in the United States. The emphasis in the last proposition, however, is on the word myth. Many of those fleeing Ireland may or may not have believed that America would offer a prosperous and uncomplicated lifestyle. But most did believe that America offered a better life than that which they were subjected to in their home country. With the British suppressing Irish citizens and their

Irish and Irish-American Transatlantic Struggles to the American Civil War

1537 words - 6 pages 1500's, the King Henry VIII of England attempted to convert his Irish subjects to Protestantism. After the Irish did not obey, harsh penal laws were put into place, which forbade Catholics from doing many things they were able to do in the past, including hold office, attend mass, or operate schools (Nardo, 12). The British relegated the Irish to tenants of their own land, in which they were to grow crops and farm animals as their rent payments

Irish History in America

1511 words - 6 pages immigrants in America have had both good and bad events throughout time. However, those struggles did not stop Irish immigrants from coming to America in an attempt to create a better life for themselves and their family. During the eighteenth century, many people of Irish heritage emigrated from Ireland to America in hopes of receiving the same liberty and tolerance that Americans had. Most of them were Protestant and were viewed as being

From Ireland to America

1438 words - 6 pages windows that said, “No Irish need apply” (Kinsella). What jobs they could find paid very little money and had long hours. Irish men build canals and railroads, while the women worked domestic jobs (Baba). The Irish immigrants lived in tiny apartments, usually with more than one family living in them. Their apartments were overpriced, and they did not have adequate sewage or running water (“Adoption and Assimilation”). A common stereotype of the Irish

Honored Irish

1067 words - 5 pages Irish are honored and commemorated for their hard work and desire for a better life. The start of the Irish’ peoples struggles began when the British came and destroyed their way of life. The Penal laws of 1691 stripped Irish Catholics of their freedoms by taking away their rights to become officers in the British Army or Navy, hold any government office, vote, buy land, practice law, attend school, serve an apprenticeship, possess weapons, and

Scotch Irish Influences on Appalachian Culture and American History

1708 words - 7 pages family would sleep. In addition to the house, there would usually be a barn about the size of the house, a smokehouse, a springhouse, a corncrib, chicken coops, and many other small outbuildings that would have been "swept back or to the sides of the main house."Many superstitions were brought to the Appalachians through these people. Billy Kennedy lists some of these superstitions in his book The Scots-Irish in the Carolinas:For every August

Irish Immigration: The Gilded Age

3896 words - 16 pages there is a language you might not be able to understand or speak. These immigrant groups not only relocated throughout different states but immigrant were moving to specific cities to the best places they felt accepted. As an example we had many immigrant groups that came to Saint Louis, Missouri. One of the biggest immigrant groups to populate Saint Louis was the Irish. Unfortunately the Irish were not as accepted in Saint Louis as they hoped to

Irish Names

802 words - 4 pages boost of name luck with this handsome name. Famous Irish Names Sean (Shawn) is the grand Ah-ha of Irish-ness. Most every person of Irish descent has got one or ten Sean's in their family. It translates to "God is gracious". Some famous Sean's: Sean Patrick Hayes – American comedian, actor and musician. Was narcissistic gay guy, Jack McFarland on sitcom Will & Grace. Thomas Sean Connery – Famous Scottish actor portrayed James Bond in several

Irish In America

2535 words - 10 pages has been longer, more sustained, or more studied, than that of a people from an island, hardly larger than the state of South Carolina: Ireland.In 1845, before Irish History was changed forever, 3 million Ireland's 8 million people depended on the potato for their daily existence. They ate potatoes with every meal, and for some it was all they ate. In the poorest regions of the country, in the west and southwest, there was no other food because

Irish Female Emigration: The Views of Akenson and Lambert

1265 words - 6 pages no children, dependent females who were not yet marriageable, single women who can marry, women and unmarried women who were not able to marry (Akenson 162). Despite Akenson’s seemingly comprehensive conceptualization of Irish female immigrants, he fails to describe other dimensions of the emigrant as noted by Sharon Lambert, author of “Irish Women’s Emigration to England 1922-1960: The Lengthening of Family Ties.” These essays are discrepant when

Similar Essays

Irish Immigration In America Essay

1775 words - 7 pages group that has passed through the gates of Ellis Island or South Boston. Like every group that came to America, the Irish were looked down upon; yet, in the face of discrimination, political, social and economic oppression, the Irish have been a testament to the American Dream as their influence in the political and business world increases with each generation. The tradition and family upbringings of the Irish culture has served as the bridge to

The Irish Essay

1786 words - 7 pages short of perfect at it. The result of making one little mistake could potentially cost you and your family their lives. The Irish man was no stranger to hard work, considering that almost all men were farmers in their homeland, getting your hands dirty to feed your family was standard in many homes.      In to days world, the Irish are successful in many aspects of life. They are not restricted to laboring jobs or

Irish Immigrants In Boston Essay

2759 words - 11 pages resided. This attributed to the 'invisibility' of the Irish. Much of the very early migration had been heavily male, but during the famine years, migration was largely a family affair. Families were arriving serially in ?chain? migration while others suffered high mortality rates in these years. The Irish were the first to practice ?chain or serial migration? on a large scale. During the famine years males still outnumbered women in migration

Irish In America Essay

1710 words - 7 pages ; they did not want to live amongst the immigrant’s squalor. However, the Irish took this unwelcoming behavior in stride,they, “ . . . had a sense of identity and cohesion as a people oppressed by foreigners in their native land,”(8) which helped them to stay together during the rough transition to American life. Irish-Catholics lived in the slums,often cramming 4 families into a 1 family apartment. “Although the basement, attic and tar paper