Irony occurs when there is conflict about what was stated and what something really means. There are three main types of irony. Irony can make the difference in a good book, and a great book. It is in just about every scene of Romeo and Juliet. Shakespeare uses different types of irony for many reasons.
The first type of irony is verbal irony. It starts being used in the very beginning of the play when the chorus says “Two households, both alike in dignity” (prologue). The chorus states they are dignified, but they are really very undignified. Another example is when Juliet says “ I never shall be satisfied with Romeo until I behold him –dead – is my poor heart for a kingsman vex’d” (III, ii, 93-94). Juliet’s mother believes she wants to see Romeo die, but the audience knows she means her heart is dead if Romeo is dead. There are also many other examples of verbal irony such as when the nurse and Juliet are talking at the Capulets party, and Juliet tells her that her grave will be her wedding bed. Of course the audience already knows that her wedding bed really will be her grave because she marries Romeo and it literally kills her.
Another basic type of irony in Romeo and Juliet is situational irony. This type of irony occurs when something that someone attempts to do turns out exactly opposite of what is expected. A couple of examples of situational irony are when Romeo goes to that capulets party to see Rosaline, then falls in love with Juliet whom is a capulet herself, and when Romeo says he would rather die than be banished. It turns out that he does. Also Juliet says “ it is an honor that I dream not of” ( ). Juliet is telling her mother she does not dream of being married, but ironically is married in the next day or so. The most powerful example of situational irony in the entire play however, is either towards the end where Juliet drinks the sleeping potion, Romeo finds her and thinks she is dead, he kills himself, she wakes up and realizes he is dead so she then kills herself, and it is all a huge accident after all, or when romeo steps between tybalt and mercutio trying to prevent a fight, but romeo gits tybalt killed.
Last, but not least is dramatic irony. Dramatic irony is a situation where the audience knows more than the characters. Another word that is commonly used for dramatic irony, is tragic irony. Shakespeare uses this type of irony to add tension and make the story more expressive. An example...