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Is American Foreign Policy In The Middle East From 1945 2003 Driven By Their Desire For Oil?

2585 words - 11 pages

Israel relations a paradox for US
Since Israel became a state in 1948, the United States has constantly been occupied with that area that has become the driving force of US policy in the Middle East, including all the conflicts. It was due to Israel’s influence that US started a conflict in Iraq and constantly has been butting heads with Iran. The nuclear program in Iran may be one of the causes behind the Iranian-American animosity, but it is definitely not the leading one since the US government has been doing everything it could since 1998 to paint Iran’s image in grey shades. And now it seems that a major incentive for this negativism towards Iran from the American side has been utilized on the US national and foreign security decision-making process by the government of Israel. “Israel has, for over a decade, listed Iran as its most serious national security threat, and has lobbied extensively to get the United States to embrace a similar policy direction.” This shift in policy was once again triggered by the 9/11 terroristic attacks on the World Trade Center in the US. Since those events Israel was more successful in pushing the US to take up the same position as its own government and regard Iran as “a nation pursuing nuclear weapons ambitions, operating as a state sponsor of terror, and possessing a government which is fundamentally incompatible with regional and global peace and security.” Thus, the Israeli stance taken toward Iran did not help the US maintain a good relationship with that region of the world and to some extent meant that “US Middle East policy had become a tool for Israel.” Moreover, it posed another question to the US about Iranian oil reserves.
Since Iran is seen as one of the world’s leading producers of oil and natural gas the grudge started by Israel and continued by the US did not help the Americans to secure their place as benefactors of the Iranian natural resources. Additionally, China and India are the fasting and largest expanding economies in the world and their growth was dependent on the resources situated in Iran. “By leveraging its control over Iranian energy production, as well as the other major centers of fossil fuel production in the Middle east and Central Asia, the United States is positioning itself to be able to control the pace of economic expansion in China and India, a capability deemed vital when it comes to the national security posture of the United States in relation to these two nations and the rest of the world.” Once again, oil was the driving force of this hostility in the Iranian-American relationship and Israel was only there to light the match and let it all burn.
Overall, it is a contradictory task for the US to both secure Israeli interests and at the same time pursue their own goals of maintaining oil reserves in the Persian Gulf. “For American policymakers the Middle East has often been a headache, sometimes a nightmare, as each President has tried in his own way, to...

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