This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Is Anti–Fundamentalism The Fundamentalism Of The Anti Fundamentalists?

1892 words - 8 pages

1 Proposed title
Is anti–fundamentalism the fundamentalism of the anti-fundamentalists?

2 Background
This study is, in the first place, not a study about the object of fundamentalism, the fundamentalist, but rather about the subject, the anti-fundamentalist – about the accuser rather than the accused, about the prosecution not the defence. I use the word ‘anti-fundamentalist’ instead of ‘non-fundamentalist’’ to make a distinction between those who publically oppose fundamentalists and those who can not be classed as fundamentalist.

The meaning of the word ‘fundamentalism’ has been redefined so often that the meaning became ‘obscured’ (Carpenter, 1997: 4). Definitions became relative to changing contexts and have almost been denatured as a descriptive term. It became evaluative and pejorative with the aim to stigmatize. Juergensmeyer says the term is “less descriptive than it is accusatory.” (De Sousa, 2007:86).

Yet, the word remains emotionally charged. The question is – why would people use such a strong word? This question is at the core of this study.

Karen Armstrong describes fundamentalism as a reactionary movement against modernity, and globalization, and as a reaction against Enlightenment ideals such as Darwinism and empirical science. (Armstrong, 2004:ix-xi). Or as Ruthven says, fundamentalists “do not or cannot fully accept religious pluralism” (2004:46). Is it equally possible that liberalism, the secular society or liberal theology have difficulties in dealing with principled commitment to the established, sacred and transcendental values of conservative Christianity? ” Reactions are fierce which is clear from James Barr’s feelings: “I think we have to be clear … that we must get rid of the whole thing, that is, that the entire apparatus of fundamentalist belief about scripture has to be dismantled, and that we have to be clear that we are doing this, and why.” (2002:88).

Did those who revolt against barbarism themselves became barbarians? I plan to show that it could well be that anti-fundamentalists object to one ‘absolutist credo’ because it is in conflict with their own ‘absolutist credos’. Was Hamlet right? “The lady doth protest too much, methinks” (Hamlet, Act III, Scene II).

Theology has been characterised by reactionary movements since the reformation. During the19th century we saw an increase in the influence of science and the rise of biblical criticism. This led to the rejection of supernatural character of the Bible such as miracles. "Classic Liberalism" became very influential during that time. Reactions against liberal theology resulted in several reactionary movements of which fundamentalism, within evangelical Protestant circles, became prominent. Liberal theology could never annihilate the consistent influence of the more conservative Reformed and evangelical Christianity and suffered further in recent years under the criticisms of postmodernism. The point is that what we observe over the years...

Find Another Essay On Is Anti–Fundamentalism the Fundamentalism of the Anti-Fundamentalists?

Beliefs of the Anti-Federalists Essay

753 words - 3 pages The name, Anti-Federalists is not the best-suited name for what they truly are, or what they believe in. “They are called the Anti-Federalists, but it should be made clear at once that they were not Anti-Federal at all.” (Main xi) Originally, the word federalist, meant anyone who supported the Articles of Confederation. The term “Anti-Federalist” was placed on them to portray them as people who did not agree with the Federal Government, which

Comparing the anti-utopias of Essay

653 words - 3 pages attempt to point out their differences. One of the most striking differences between the two worlds is the amount of technology that is present in each one. Brave New World's society relies heavily on technology. It is an integral part of life there. Without it, babies would not be born, people would not accept the lives that were assigned to them and life could not go on. In fact, the cornerstone of the Brave New World is a technological

Is The Merchant of Venice an Anti-Semitic Play?

1642 words - 7 pages Is The Merchant of Venice an Anti-Semitic Play?      The Merchant of Venice features a Jewish character that is abused and slandered by nearly every character in the play. Throughout the play the behavior of these characters seems justified. In this way, The Merchant of Venice appears to be an anti-Semitic play. However, The Merchant of Venice contains several key instances, which can be portrayed in a way that criticizes anti

The history and roots of anti-Semitism is Europe

889 words - 4 pages pigs. In Shakespeare's play, 'The Merchant of Venice', Shylock the Jewish usurer is a heartless, greedy villain. Some of the myths about Jews in the middle ages lived on. One particular myth surfaced in a text called 'The Protocols of the Elders of Zion' that was published in 1903. The text 'revealed' that Jews were conspiring to take over the world. The book was used to justify mistreatment of the Jews.There was a lot of anti-Semitism when Hitler

How planet of the apes is an anti-war film

828 words - 3 pages decision for millions of people around the world. War isn't the answer to anything but death and heartache. When you think about it what has war EVER accomplished... hate, racism, distress, blood, and unnecessary terror.Planet of the apes is anti-wars film. The ending shows this by expressing the truth about how man destroyed themselves in their war of selfishness and stupidity. We had so much power that it brought about our obliteration. If the

Fundamentalism and Nationalism Were Great Threats According to Fukyama's In the End of History

1414 words - 6 pages while also up holding the values preached in democracy such as freedoms and equalities. Fukuyama seems to believe that the two greatest threats to liberal democracy lie within fundamentalism such as Islam and nationalism. He argues that even though they pose certain risks to western democracy, they don’t pose a significant threat of uprooting liberal ideologies. In describing Islam, “…the doctrine has little appeal for non-Muslims, and it is hard

The Texas Anti-Abortion Law is Unconstitutional

1510 words - 6 pages The Texas anti-abortion law has taken the country’s attention by storm. It is an issue on many different woman’s minds, especially those who live in the state of Texas. The new laws are forcing many woman to have to cross state lines in order to receive an abortion and medical care. This includes woman who needs abortions due to preexisting medical conditions and those who are carrying fetuses which are diseased and are expected not to be born

Oklahoma; is Anti-Abortion the Right Decision?

1947 words - 8 pages When one thinks of the word “abortion,” it is often met with a feeling of uneasiness and mixed emotions. Abortion is one of those topics that most try to avoid; after all, it is the killing of an innocent child. Unfortunately, people’s tendencies to shy away from the subject leaves many left in the dark on the controversial issues it entails. This country was built on the foundation of inalienable rights to liberty and “the pursuit of happiness

The Anti-Federalists

985 words - 4 pages The Founding Fathers were the men recognized for drafting the United States Constitution and are often viewed as an unselfish group of men who shared a singular belief about how government should work. The truth about the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention and the differing political factions is not as unified and glamorous as this storybook image of history would have us to believe. Their finished product did result in a lasting

The Anti-Christian Dracula

953 words - 4 pages Bram Stoker’s Dracula magnificently portrays Anti-Christian values and beliefs through one of its central characters, Dracula. Dracula himself, a demonic figure, both in appearance and in behavior, could be considered the Anti-Christ. This idea of Dracula as a gothic Anti-Christ is a major element in the novel. Stoker displays numerous Anti-Christian values, superstitious beliefs, and compares and contrasts the powers of God with those of

The Anti trust

909 words - 4 pages 98 as he had previously planned. In a nutshell, the government believes that Gates is abusing his dominant position in the market to hold back the consumers' choice, and extend its power over its competitors.Bill Gates fear is clear. Microsoft Corp. could lose its dominant position in the industry... that is if the U.S. Department of Justice wins in its anti-trust suit. Gates stated, "The computer industry is littered with examples of companies

Similar Essays

The Strict Obedience Of Fundamentalism Essay

683 words - 3 pages the bible. They selectively choose what they are against and what they accept in modern culture. What started out as a refined organisation quickly grew and spread throughout the use of media, press and academia. Nowadays there not only exists Protestant Fundamentalists but Islamic Fundamentalists, Buddhist Fundamentalists, Hindu Fundamentalists and many more from various religions and creeds. To say Religious fundamentalism is always

The Rise Of Islamic Fundamentalism In Iran

1563 words - 6 pages be governed, Ayatollah Khomeini dramatically altered the Islamic political landscape. Because of Iran's new leader, Islamic fundamentalism is now a political force that is significantly changing Muslim politics from Eastern Africa to the South Pacific (Nasr, 2006). After the 1979 revolution in Iran, it was apparent that fundamentalist Islam had achieved what many in the Islamic realm had once believed virtually impossible. Sunni-majority or

Islamic Fundamentalism And The Subjugation Of Women

2803 words - 11 pages Islamic Fundamentalism and the Subjugation of Women On September 27th, 1996, the extremist militia, the Taliban, seized control of the capital city of Afghanistan, Kabul. Up until that day, women and girls in Afghanistan could go to school, work, and walk freely. Then the Taliban issued decrees banning woman and girls from receiving education, entering the workforce or leaving their homes without a close male relative as an escort

Failings Of Fundamentalism Essay

1137 words - 5 pages Fundamentalism is an espresso shot of Christianity—strong, bitter, and undiluted. Fundamentalists believe the Bible should be interpreted as literal fact, not metaphorically. To them, it is God’s direct word to humanity and the ultimate earthly authority. And so fundamentalists follow the Bible with unwavering certainty, as if it were God himself, and press their interpretation of the book upon society. But the certainty at